Biological 12C-13C fractionation increases with increasing community-complexity in soil microcosms

Weijun Yang, Jakob Magid, Søren Christensen, Regin Ronn, Per Ambus, Flemming Ekelund

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Isotope fractionation is a ubiquitous phenomenon in natural ecosystems. When chemical elements move through food chains, natural isotope ratios change because biological processes tend to discriminate against heavier isotopes. This effect can be used to trace flows of matter, estimate process-rates and determine the trophic level of organisms in biological systems. While it is widely accepted that 15N-accumulates in natural food-chains, it is disputed to which extent this is the case for C-13. We constructed sand-microcosms inoculated with a dilution series of soil organisms and amended with glucose as the source of organic carbon. We demonstrated that the proportion of C-13 in respiratory CO2 correlated inversely with community complexity. Our results therefore suggest that increasing community complexity, with increasing synergy, competition and predation, facilitates increasing C-12-C-13 isotopic fractionation. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSoil Biology & Biochemistry
Volume69
Pages (from-to)197-201
ISSN0038-0717
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Isotope discrimination
  • Isotope fractionation
  • Food web
  • Species-richness
  • C-13
  • Soil

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