Bioinspired, biomimetic, double-enzymatic mineralization of hydrogels for bone regeneration with calcium carbonate

Marco A. Lopez-Heredia, Agata Łapa, Ana Carina Loureiro Mendes, Lieve Balcaen, Sangram Keshari Samal, Feng Chai, Pascal Van der Voort, Christian V. Stevens, Bogdan V. Parakhonskiy, Ioannis S. Chronakis, Frank Vanhaecke, Nicolas Blanchemain, Elżbieta Pamuła, Andre G. Skirtach, Timothy E L Douglas

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Hydrogels are popular materials for tissue regeneration. Incorporation of biologically active substances, e.g. enzymes, is straightforward. Hydrogel mineralization is desirable for bone regeneration. Here, hydrogels of Gellan Gum (GG), a biocompatible polysaccharide, were mineralized biomimetically with CaCO3 using a double enzymatic approach. The enzymes urease (U) and carbonic anhydrase (CA) were incorporated in GG hydrogels. Hydrogels were incubated in a mineralization solution containing U substrate (urea) and calcium ions. U converts urea to ammonia (which raises pH) and CO2. CA catalyses the reaction of CO2 with water to form HCO3 −, which undergoes deprotonation to form CO3 2−, which react with Ca2+ to form insoluble CaCO3. All hydrogels containing U+CA were mineralized more with calcite and stiffer than hydrogels containing U. Mineralization with calcite promoted proliferation and spreading of osteoblast-like cells.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMaterials Letters
Volume190
Pages (from-to)13-16
Number of pages4
ISSN0167-577x
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomimetic
  • Composite materials
  • Sol-gel preparation

Cite this

Lopez-Heredia, M. A., Łapa, A., Mendes, A. C. L., Balcaen, L., Samal, S. K., Chai, F., Van der Voort, P., Stevens, C. V., Parakhonskiy, B. V., Chronakis, I. S., Vanhaecke, F., Blanchemain, N., Pamuła, E., Skirtach, A. G., & Douglas, T. E. L. (2017). Bioinspired, biomimetic, double-enzymatic mineralization of hydrogels for bone regeneration with calcium carbonate. Materials Letters, 190, 13-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2016.12.122