Bioelectrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide by pure culture at the cathode

Nabin Aryal, Pier-Luc Tremblay, Leifeng Chen, Daniel Höglund, Tian Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference abstract in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


Microbial electrosynthesis (MES) is an innovative approach in which microbes use electricity toreduce carbon dioxide and produce chemical commodities. This process relies on the ability of electroautotrophic microbes to accept electron from an electrode. The concept of MES has already been demonstrated with pure cultures of acetogenic bacteria such as Sporomusa ovate DSM-2662 and Clostridium ljungdahlii. Until now, electron transfer rates from the cathode to the bestelectroautotroph, S. ovata, are still orders of magnitude lower than what is observed in bioanodicprocesses with electrigenic bacteria. Hence, we are screening other pure cultures for better MES activities. These bacterial species were pre-selected based on several criteria such as their presence in enrichments of environmental samples in MES systems, their capacity to fix CO2, their incapacity to sporulate, and their ability to form robust biofilms. In preliminary results, 171.9mM ofacetate per day per m2 was produced by a previously uncharacterized strain of Sporomusa ovata which is approximatively 1.4 times better than S. ovata DSM-26621. This demonstrates that better electroautotrophic bacteria can still be uncovered leading to more productive MES process.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAbstract Book - DTU Sustain Conference 2014
Number of pages1
Place of PublicationKgs. Lyngby
PublisherTechnical University of Denmark
Publication date2014
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventDTU Sustain Conference 2014 - Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
Duration: 17 Dec 201417 Dec 2014


ConferenceDTU Sustain Conference 2014
LocationTechnical University of Denmark
Internet address


Dive into the research topics of 'Bioelectrochemical reduction of carbon dioxide by pure culture at the cathode'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this