Biodiesel production from mixtures of waste fish oil, palm oil and waste frying oil: Optimization of fuel properties

Vanessa F. de Almeida, Pedro Jesús García Moreno, Antonio Guadix, Emilia M. Guadix

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The present work studies the influence of waste fish oil, palm oil and waste frying oil as raw material on biodiesel properties. The experimental planning was executed through acid esterification (6:1 methanol to oil ratio, 1 wt.% sulfuric acid, at 60 degrees C, 1 h) followed by transesterification (9:1 methanol to oil ratio, 0.5 wt.% sodium hydroxide, at 60 degrees C for I h). Biodiesel samples showed yield higher than 82%, reaching 90% for palm oil (33.3 wt.%) and waste frying oil (66.7 wt.%) biodiesel. FAME content was higher than 92.3% and had a maximum of 98.5% for waste fish oil (333 wt.%) and palm oil (66.7 wt.%) biodiesel. Special cubic models were used to fit experimental data, and were optimized by response surface methodology and multi-objective optimization. Viscosity (4.3 mm(2)/s) and COM (2.5 degrees C) were minimized when pure fish oil was used as raw material, whereas IP maximum (22.0 h) was found for palm oil biodiesel. Multi-objective optimization evidenced that although the use of the pure oils as feedstock presented more advantages to biodiesel properties, the waste fish oil (42.1 wt.%) and waste flying oil (57.9 wt.%) mix is beneficial, if the aim is IP (20%) and COM (80%) improvement. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFuel Processing Technology
Volume133
Pages (from-to)152-160
Number of pages9
ISSN0378-3820
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • Fish oil
  • Palm oil
  • Frying oil
  • Optimization
  • Fuel properties

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