Bioavailability of cadmium from linseed and cocoa

Max Hansen, Rie Romme Rasmussen, Jens Jørgen Sloth

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Abstract

The exposure of the European population to cadmium from food is high compared with the tolerable weekly intake of 2.5 μg/kg bodyweight set by EFSA in 2009. Only few studies on the bioavailability of cadmium from different food sources has been performed but this information in very important for the food authorities in order to give correct advises to the population.
The aim of this study was to investigate the bioavailability of cadmium from whole linseed, crushed linseed, cocoa and cadmium chloride in rats.
An experiment where 40 rats were divided into 4 groups and a control group and dosed with whole linseed, crushed linseed, cocoa and CdCl2 for 3 weeks was performed. Linseed or cocoa made up 10% of the feed (by weight) and was added as a replacement for carbohydrate source. The rats were dosed for 3 weeks and the cadmium content in the rats' kidneys was measured by ICPMS as a biomarker for the exposure during the whole life. Efforts were made to keep unintended exposure as low as possible and the cadmium content was measured in whole feed and all individual feed components.
The total intake of cadmium during the lifetime of the rats was calculated and the percentage of the cadmium which could be measured in the kidney compared to the calculated total intake was as follows: Control 2.0 %, Crushed linseed 0.9 %, whole linseed, 1.5 %, cocoa 0.7 % and CdCl2 4.6 %.
Based on this study it could not be concluded that the bioavailability in rats form whole linseed is lower that for crushed linseed. It was concluded that the bioavailability of cadmium from cocoa was similar or maybe a little lower than the bioavailability of cadmium from linseed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication7th Nordic Conference on Plasma Spectrochemistry : Programme and Abstracts
Place of PublicationLoen, Norway
Publication date2014
Pages96-96
Article numberP-28
Chapter1
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event7th Nordic Conference on Plasma Spectrochemistry - Hotel Alexandra, Loen, Norway
Duration: 1 Jun 20144 Jun 2014
Conference number: 7
http://www.nordicplasma.com

Conference

Conference7th Nordic Conference on Plasma Spectrochemistry
Number7
LocationHotel Alexandra
CountryNorway
CityLoen
Period01/06/201404/06/2014
Internet address

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