Bioaccesibility Extraction of Hydrophobic Pollutants: Benefits of Separating Leaching Agent and Acceptor Medium

D. J. Cocovi-Solberg, M. Miro, A. P. Loibner, Philipp Mayer

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Abstract

Bioaccessibility extractions of organic pollutants from environmental solid samples are increasingly used in environmental risk assessment and management. Recent research has indicated that many bioaccessibility extraction methods have limited sink capacity for hydrophobic organic chemicals, which can lead to underestimation of bioaccessibility. Therefore, several studies have proposed to add a sink to the extraction medium, including the so called contaminant trap, the silicon rod based sorptive bioaccessibility
extraction and tenax beads-assisted extractions. While these methods certainly are a step forward, they also lead to challenges related to the separation of sink and matrix and/or the subsequent quantification of the bioaccessible fraction. The present study aimed at developing a new approach for (1) enhancing the sink capacity of bioaccessibility
extractions, (2) improving phase separation and (3) facilitating the measurement of the bioaccessible fraction. Cyclodextrin was used as leaching agent, ethanol as acceptor medium and a semipermeable membrane for separating these two phases. Various physical formats of this configuration were developed and tested, and the simplest and highly performing format was further optimized and validated. This new configuration was characterized in terms of mass transfer kinetics, analytical performance criteria and suitability for direct analysis by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography (GC). Finally, the developed method was applied to PAH contaminated
soils and the results compared to results obtained with other existing methods.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSETAC Europe 25th Annual Meeting : Abstract Book
Number of pages1
Place of PublicationBarcelona, Spain
PublisherSETAC
Publication date2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventSETAC Europe 25th Annual Meeting - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: 3 May 20157 May 2015
Conference number: 25
http://barcelona.setac.eu/?contentid=767

Conference

ConferenceSETAC Europe 25th Annual Meeting
Number25
CountrySpain
CityBarcelona
Period03/05/201507/05/2015
Internet address

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