Methods CTP datasets from 40 acute stroke patients were retrospectively analysed for BT. In 16 patients with hypoperfused tissue but no BT, repeated 2-by-2 image down-sampling and uniform filtering was performed, comparing CNR to perfusion-MRI levels and tissue classification to that of unprocessed data. By simulating reduced scan duration, the minimum scanduration at which estimated lesion volumes came within 10 % of their true volume was compared for VM and state-of-the-art algorithms.
Results BT in veins and hypoperfused tissue was observed in 9/40 (22.5 %) and 17/40 patients (42.5 %), respectively. Down-sampling to 128×128 resolution yielded CNR comparable to MR data and improved tissue classification (p=0.0069). VM reduced minimum scan duration, providing reliable maps of cerebral blood flow and mean transit time: 5 s (p=0.03) and 7 s (p<0.0001), respectively).
Conclusions BT is not uncommon in stroke CTP with 40-s scan duration. Applying image down-sampling and VM improve tissue classification.
- Bolus truncation
- Acute stroke
- Noise reduction