Benchmarking Correlated Methods for Frequency-Dependent Polarizabilities: Aromatic Molecules with the CC3, CCSD, CC2, SOPPA, SOPPA(CC2), and SOPPA(CCSD) Methods

Maria W Jørgensen, Rasmus Faber, Andrea Ligabue, Stephan P. A. Sauer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A benchmark study of several correlated second-order methods for frequency-dependent polarizabilities has been carried out. For the benchmark, a set of 14 (hetero)aromatic medium-sized molecules has been chosen. For the first time, CC3 polarizabilities are reported for these molecules using Sadlej's polarized triple-ζ basis set, and for a subset of these molecules the polarizabilities were obtained at the CC3 level also with the larger aug-cc-pVTZ basis set. These CC3 values are used as the reference values for benchmarking the second-order methods: SOPPA, SOPPA(CC2), SOPPA(CCSD), CC2, as well as CCSD. The influence of different basis sets, aug-cc-pVDZ, aug-cc-pVTZ, aug-cc-pVQZ, d-aug-cc-pVTZ, and Sadlej's polarized triple-ζ basis set, on static and frequency-dependent polarizabilities was investigated for the full set of molecules at the SOPPA level. It was found that the choice of basis set had a somewhat greater influence on the frequency-dependent polarizabilities than on the static polarizabilities, but all effects were small. The aug-cc-pVTZ basis set performed adequately for both static and frequency-dependent polarizabilities, having an insignificant offset from the values obtained with the larger d-aug-cc-pVTZ and aug-cc-pVQZ basis sets. Comparing the second-order methods, SOPPA, SOPPA(CC2), SOPPA(CCSD), CC2, as well as CCSD, to the CC3 reference values, it was found that the best performing method was CCSD, as expected. The SOPPA method, on the contrary, outperformed the CC2 method, suggesting the use of SOPPA rather than CC2 for polarizabilities, at least for these kinds of molecules. The SOPPA results were found to improve further when the Møller-Plesset correlation coefficients in the wave function were replaced by coupled-cluster amplitudes in the SOPPA(CC2) and SOPPA(CCSD) methods. Finally, a comparison was made for a small subset of the molecules between experimental data and calculated polarizabilities. It shows that, for this set of molecules, the trend in the performance of the different second-order methods does not depend on whether the reference values are calculated CC3 values or experimental values.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Volume16
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)3006–3018
ISSN1549-9618
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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