Benchmarking (Code2Code) of the 1Hs 3-Bladed Onshore VAWT

Christos Galinos, Uwe Schmidt Paulsen

    Research output: Book/ReportReportResearchpeer-review


    This study is part of the Inflow project. In this report the Nenuphar’s onshore 3-bladed Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT) prototype (1HS) is modelled in HAWC2 aeroelastic code. In the first part the model properties are summarized. Then the analysis is focused on the rotor performance and various cases are simulated assuming rigid structure. Finally, a code two code comparison is presented based on the HAWC2 results (DTU) and a 2D/3D vortex simulations from IFPEN.
    From the code to code comparison, a very good agreement is found on aerodynamic performance when dynamic stall effects are not included on the blade. When these effects are added, HAWC2 and vortex simulation results differ. Looking in the overall rotor performance, aerodynamic power predictions also vary between the codes for the blade. The main reasons that have been identified from the analysis are the dynamic stall modelling, the Reynolds effects on the airfoil polars and the blade-wake interaction and the finite aspect ratio effects. Finally, by studying the blade performance within HAWC2 it was made clear that the airfoil polars which are the main input for the simulations, apart from the structural modelling, can lead to different results especially on the rotor power performance.
    Original languageEnglish
    PublisherDTU Wind Energy
    Number of pages52
    Publication statusPublished - 2017
    SeriesDTU Wind Energy I


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