BCS superconductivity with fixed number parity

Boldizsár Jankó, Anders Smith, Vinay Ambegaokar

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


We investigate superconductivity in a grand canonical ensemble with fixed number parity (even or odd). In the low-temperature limit we find small corrections to the BCS gap equation and dispersion E(k). The even-odd free-energy difference in the same limit decreases linearly with temperature, in accordance with the behavior observed experimentally and previously arrived at from a quasiparticle model. The theory yields deviations from the BCS predictions for the specific heat, ultrasound attenuation, nucleon spin-relaxation rate, and electromagnetic absorption. © 1994 The American Physical Society
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysical Review B Condensed Matter
Pages (from-to)1152-1161
Publication statusPublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes


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