Bayesian Inference for Structured Spike and Slab Priors

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Sparse signal recovery addresses the problem of solving underdetermined linear inverse problems subject to a sparsity constraint. We propose a novel prior formulation, the structured spike and slab prior, which allows to incorporate a priori knowledge of the sparsity pattern by imposing a spatial Gaussian process on the spike and slab probabilities. Thus, prior information on the structure of the sparsity pattern can be encoded using generic covariance functions. Furthermore, we provide a Bayesian inference scheme for the proposed model based on the expectation propagation framework. Using numerical experiments on synthetic data, we demonstrate the benefits of the model.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 28th Annual Conference on Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 27 (NIPS 2014)
PublisherNeural Information Processing Systems Foundation
Publication date2014
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event28th Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS 2014) - Montréal, Canada
Duration: 8 Dec 201413 Dec 2014
Conference number: 28


Conference28th Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS 2014)
Internet address


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