Barriers of Electrochemical CO2 Reduction on Transition Metals

Chuan Shi, Karen Chan, Jong Suk Yoo, Jens K. Nørskov*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Theoretical investigations of electrochemical CO2 reduction have received increasing interest due its potential impact on renewable energy storage. We use density functional theory with an explicit solvent model of the electrochemical interface to calculate activation energy barriers for various proton-electron transfer elementary reactions steps for CO2 reduction on Au, Cu, and Pt surfaces. We find the protonation of unhydrogenated oxygen to be trivial compared to the protonation of carbon and R-OH species, which induces C-O scission. Our revised free energy diagram for the reduction of CO2 to methane on Cu(211) includes these observations and suggests that the dominant pathway includes ∗CHOH and ∗CH as intermediates rather than ∗OCH3.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOrganic Process Research And Development
Volume20
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1424-1430
ISSN1083-6160
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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