Balmorel open source energy system model

Frauke Wiese*, Rasmus Bramstoft, Hardi Koduvere, Amalia Rosa Pizarro Alonso, Olexandr Balyk, Jon Gustav Kirkerud, Åsa Grytli Tveten, Torjus Folsland Bolkesjø, Marie Münster, Hans V. Ravn

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    533 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    As the world progresses towards a cleaner energy future with more variable renewable energy sources, energy system models are required to deal with new challenges. This article describes design, development and applications of the open source energy system model Balmorel, which is a result of a long and fruitful cooperation between public and private institutions within energy system research and analysis. The purpose of the article is to explain the modelling approach, to highlight strengths and challenges of the chosen approach, to create awareness about the possible applications of Balmorel as well as to inspire to new model developments and encourage new users to join the community. Some of the key strengths of the model are the flexible handling of the time and space dimensions and the combination of operation and investment optimisation. Its open source character enables diverse, worldwide applications for exploratory energy scenarios as well as policy analysis as the applications outlined demonstrate. The existing functionality and structural suitability for extensions make it a useful tool for assessing challenges of the ongoing energy transitions. Numerous model extensions have been developed as different challenges to the energy transition have arisen. One of these includes the option of running the model with unit commitment. To meet new challenges, further development is needed and consequently the article outlines suggestions for future development, such as including transport of local biomass as part of the optimisation and speeding up the model.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEnergy Strategy Reviews
    Volume20
    Pages (from-to)26-34
    ISSN2211-467X
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Keywords

    • Applications
    • Balmorel
    • Energy modelling
    • Energy system analysis
    • Model description
    • Open source

    Cite this

    Wiese, F., Bramstoft, R., Koduvere, H., Pizarro Alonso, A. R., Balyk, O., Kirkerud, J. G., ... Ravn, H. V. (2018). Balmorel open source energy system model. Energy Strategy Reviews, 20, 26-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esr.2018.01.003
    Wiese, Frauke ; Bramstoft, Rasmus ; Koduvere, Hardi ; Pizarro Alonso, Amalia Rosa ; Balyk, Olexandr ; Kirkerud, Jon Gustav ; Tveten, Åsa Grytli ; Bolkesjø, Torjus Folsland ; Münster, Marie ; Ravn, Hans V. / Balmorel open source energy system model. In: Energy Strategy Reviews. 2018 ; Vol. 20. pp. 26-34.
    @article{0055a623bbbc45ebba5ad82c4ba405f0,
    title = "Balmorel open source energy system model",
    abstract = "As the world progresses towards a cleaner energy future with more variable renewable energy sources, energy system models are required to deal with new challenges. This article describes design, development and applications of the open source energy system model Balmorel, which is a result of a long and fruitful cooperation between public and private institutions within energy system research and analysis. The purpose of the article is to explain the modelling approach, to highlight strengths and challenges of the chosen approach, to create awareness about the possible applications of Balmorel as well as to inspire to new model developments and encourage new users to join the community. Some of the key strengths of the model are the flexible handling of the time and space dimensions and the combination of operation and investment optimisation. Its open source character enables diverse, worldwide applications for exploratory energy scenarios as well as policy analysis as the applications outlined demonstrate. The existing functionality and structural suitability for extensions make it a useful tool for assessing challenges of the ongoing energy transitions. Numerous model extensions have been developed as different challenges to the energy transition have arisen. One of these includes the option of running the model with unit commitment. To meet new challenges, further development is needed and consequently the article outlines suggestions for future development, such as including transport of local biomass as part of the optimisation and speeding up the model.",
    keywords = "Applications, Balmorel, Energy modelling, Energy system analysis, Model description, Open source",
    author = "Frauke Wiese and Rasmus Bramstoft and Hardi Koduvere and {Pizarro Alonso}, {Amalia Rosa} and Olexandr Balyk and Kirkerud, {Jon Gustav} and Tveten, {{\AA}sa Grytli} and Bolkesj{\o}, {Torjus Folsland} and Marie M{\"u}nster and Ravn, {Hans V.}",
    year = "2018",
    doi = "10.1016/j.esr.2018.01.003",
    language = "English",
    volume = "20",
    pages = "26--34",
    journal = "Energy Strategy Reviews",
    issn = "2211-467X",
    publisher = "Elsevier",

    }

    Wiese, F, Bramstoft, R, Koduvere, H, Pizarro Alonso, AR, Balyk, O, Kirkerud, JG, Tveten, ÅG, Bolkesjø, TF, Münster, M & Ravn, HV 2018, 'Balmorel open source energy system model', Energy Strategy Reviews, vol. 20, pp. 26-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esr.2018.01.003

    Balmorel open source energy system model. / Wiese, Frauke; Bramstoft, Rasmus; Koduvere, Hardi; Pizarro Alonso, Amalia Rosa; Balyk, Olexandr; Kirkerud, Jon Gustav; Tveten, Åsa Grytli; Bolkesjø, Torjus Folsland; Münster, Marie; Ravn, Hans V.

    In: Energy Strategy Reviews, Vol. 20, 2018, p. 26-34.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Balmorel open source energy system model

    AU - Wiese, Frauke

    AU - Bramstoft, Rasmus

    AU - Koduvere, Hardi

    AU - Pizarro Alonso, Amalia Rosa

    AU - Balyk, Olexandr

    AU - Kirkerud, Jon Gustav

    AU - Tveten, Åsa Grytli

    AU - Bolkesjø, Torjus Folsland

    AU - Münster, Marie

    AU - Ravn, Hans V.

    PY - 2018

    Y1 - 2018

    N2 - As the world progresses towards a cleaner energy future with more variable renewable energy sources, energy system models are required to deal with new challenges. This article describes design, development and applications of the open source energy system model Balmorel, which is a result of a long and fruitful cooperation between public and private institutions within energy system research and analysis. The purpose of the article is to explain the modelling approach, to highlight strengths and challenges of the chosen approach, to create awareness about the possible applications of Balmorel as well as to inspire to new model developments and encourage new users to join the community. Some of the key strengths of the model are the flexible handling of the time and space dimensions and the combination of operation and investment optimisation. Its open source character enables diverse, worldwide applications for exploratory energy scenarios as well as policy analysis as the applications outlined demonstrate. The existing functionality and structural suitability for extensions make it a useful tool for assessing challenges of the ongoing energy transitions. Numerous model extensions have been developed as different challenges to the energy transition have arisen. One of these includes the option of running the model with unit commitment. To meet new challenges, further development is needed and consequently the article outlines suggestions for future development, such as including transport of local biomass as part of the optimisation and speeding up the model.

    AB - As the world progresses towards a cleaner energy future with more variable renewable energy sources, energy system models are required to deal with new challenges. This article describes design, development and applications of the open source energy system model Balmorel, which is a result of a long and fruitful cooperation between public and private institutions within energy system research and analysis. The purpose of the article is to explain the modelling approach, to highlight strengths and challenges of the chosen approach, to create awareness about the possible applications of Balmorel as well as to inspire to new model developments and encourage new users to join the community. Some of the key strengths of the model are the flexible handling of the time and space dimensions and the combination of operation and investment optimisation. Its open source character enables diverse, worldwide applications for exploratory energy scenarios as well as policy analysis as the applications outlined demonstrate. The existing functionality and structural suitability for extensions make it a useful tool for assessing challenges of the ongoing energy transitions. Numerous model extensions have been developed as different challenges to the energy transition have arisen. One of these includes the option of running the model with unit commitment. To meet new challenges, further development is needed and consequently the article outlines suggestions for future development, such as including transport of local biomass as part of the optimisation and speeding up the model.

    KW - Applications

    KW - Balmorel

    KW - Energy modelling

    KW - Energy system analysis

    KW - Model description

    KW - Open source

    U2 - 10.1016/j.esr.2018.01.003

    DO - 10.1016/j.esr.2018.01.003

    M3 - Journal article

    VL - 20

    SP - 26

    EP - 34

    JO - Energy Strategy Reviews

    JF - Energy Strategy Reviews

    SN - 2211-467X

    ER -