Bacteriocin-like inhibitory substances production by Enterococcus faecium 135 in co-culture with Ligilactobacillus salivarius and Limosilactobacillus reuteri

Anna Carolina Meireles Piazentin, Carlos Miguel Nóbrega Mendonça, Marisol Vallejo, Solange I Mussatto, Ricardo Pinheiro de Souza Oliveira*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The use of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) and probiotic cultures in the breeding of animals such as poultry and swine are quite common. It is known that those strains can produce bacteriocins when grown in pure culture. However, the production of bacteriocin using co-culture of microorganisms has not been much studied so far. The present study contributes with innovation in this area by embracing the production of bacteriocin-like inhibitory substances (BLIS) by a newly isolated strain of Enterococcus faecium 135. Additionally, the co-cultivation of this strain with Ligilactobacillus salivarius and Limosilactobacillus reuteri was also investigated. The antimicrobial activity of the produced BLIS was evaluated against Listeria monocytogenes, Listeria innocua, Salmonella enterica, and Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium using two methods: turbidimetric and agar diffusion. In addition, the presence of enterocin genes was also evaluated. The BLIS produced showed a bacteriostatic effect against the bio-indicator strains, and the highest antimicrobial activities expressed by arbitrary units per mL (AU/mL) were obtained against L. monocytogenes in monoculture (12,800 AU/mL), followed by the co-culture of E. faecium with Limosilactobacillus reuteri (400 AU/mL). After concentration with ammonium sulfate, the antimicrobial activity raised to 25,600 AU/mL. Assays to determine the proteinaceous nature of the BLIS showed susceptibility to trypsin and antimicrobial activity until 90 °C. Finally, analysis of the presence of structural genes of enterocins revealed that four enterocin genes were present in E. faecium 135. These results suggest that BLIS produced by E. faecium 135 has potential to be a bacteriocin and, after purification, could potentially be used as an antimicrobial agent in animal breeding.
Original languageEnglish
JournalBrazilian Journal of Microbiology
Volume53
Pages (from-to)131-141
Number of pages11
ISSN1517-8382
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial Activity
  • Co-culture
  • Enterococcus faecium
  • Foodborne pathogens

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