The first long-term Land Surface Temperature (LST) maps for the Peninsular Spain at annual and seasonal time scales for 1981–2015 is presented in this work. A robust protocol for correcting and calibrating NOAA-AVHRR images and computing LST datasets at the spatial resolution of 1.1 km has been used. Simultaneously, maximum air temperature (Tmax) maps at the same spatial resolution have been produced using data from meteorological stations. The comparison between the two datasets resulted in statistically significant spatial correlations at annual and seasonal scales. Finally, the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) data were also compared with the obtained LST datasets and the results showed significant negative correlations between the two variables, especially in summer.
- Land Surface Temperature
- Maximum air temperature
- Regression-based interpolation