Autonomous Voltage Security Regions to Prevent Cascading Trip Faults in Wind Turbine Generators

Tao Niu, Qinglai Guo, Hongbin Sun, Qiuwei Wu, Boming Zhang, Tao Ding

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Cascading trip faults in large-scale wind power centralized integration areas bring new challenges to the secure operation of power systems. In order to deal with the complexity of voltage security regions and the computation difficulty, this paper proposes an autonomous voltage security region (AVSR) for each wind farm and the point of common coupling (PCC) substation, whose voltage can be controlled in a decoupled way. The computation of the AVSR can be completed using a stepwise search method exchanging voltage and power information between the control center and the wind farms. At each wind farm, an AVSR is determined to guarantee the normal operation of each wind turbine generator (WTG), while in the control center, each region is designed in order to guarantee secure operation both under normal conditions and after an N-1 contingency. A real system in Northern China was used to carry out case studies to verify the effectiveness of the AVSRs proposed, and good performance was demonstrated using the Monte Carlo method.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)1306 - 1316
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Autonomous voltage security region (AVSR)
  • N-1 contingency
  • Voltage control
  • Wind power integration

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