In risk assessment of hydrophobic chemicals that are strongly associated to the soil/sediment organic matter, freely dissolved concentrations (Cfree) are more representative than total concentrations (Ctotal) of their actual bioavailability, potential for bioaccumulation and toxicity. Such freely dissolved concentrations can be measured by Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) if operated in the equilibrium and negligible depletion mode. Furthermore, in order to reduce the measurement variability, increase sample throughput and to produce high quality data, automated SPME methods are promising. The aim of this study was thus to investigate (1) how to operate automated SPME on solid samples, (2) how to achieve equilibrium sampling for hydrophobic organics within a practical time span and (3) how to calibrate the new approach. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) served as model compounds and matrices included soil, sediment and sludge.
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
|Event||SETAC Europe 28th Annual Meeting - Rome, Italy|
Duration: 13 May 2018 → 17 May 2018
|Conference||SETAC Europe 28th Annual Meeting|
|Period||13/05/2018 → 17/05/2018|
Vitale, C., Knudsmark Sjøholm, K., Di Guardo, A., & Mayer, P. (2018). Automated Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) for measuring freely dissolved concentrations of hydrophobic chemicals in soils, sediments and other solid matrices. Abstract from SETAC Europe 28th Annual Meeting, Rome, Italy.