Authentication for E-Government in Developing Countries - With special focus on the North Africa Countries

Othoman Elaswad

Research output: Book/ReportPh.D. thesisResearch

Abstract

Recently, many countries include both developed countries as well as developing countries have transformed paper based systems into electronic systems using ICT technologies in order to improve service delivery and reduce cost. Several researches and International Organizations in the field of e-Government reports that many countries over the world have not achieved transaction stages of government e-services and most of those countries are from developing countries. One of the main issues challenge government e-service inclusion is digital divide which barriers achieving principle of equal access and benefit of government e-service. Therefore, This thesis aims to investigate digital divide and IDM issues challenge government e-service in developing countries such as North Africa Countries (NAC) from achieving the priciple of equal access in a secure manner. To achieve this aim we, developed a framework that consists of two components include digital divide variables and a simple IDM model in order to assess the current state of government e-service in NAC. Moreover,we analyzed the existing IDM protocol’s concept to understand whether those concepts consider disadvantaged user’s needs. Based on the identified challenges in NAC using the developed framework and the analysis of IDM protocol’s concept we identify the requirements to be satisfied in order to allow large portion of citizens access and benefit of government e-service in equal and secure manner. One possible solution to improve e-Government inclusion is to consider vulnerable group needs such as the case in which users (citizens) do not have the ability either to read or write and as a result are excluded from e-services. Thus, a solution should enable such users to benefit from e-services. Introducing vulnerable group such as illiterate individuals might introduce new risks which have not existed in citizens-government face to face interaction. Thus, considering security property include confidentiality, integrity, non-repudiation and accountability for a proposed solution is needed. User authentication based on social relationship protocol is proposed in order to bridge digital divide. We formalized the proposed protocol as well as IDM protocol’s concept using Open Source Fixed Point Model Checker tool (OFMC) To verify security properties include secrecy of exchanged information and authenticity of communication parties of the target protocols. OFMC is an automatic protocol security verification tool to identify the strengths of the verified protocol. Based on the verification result of OFMC tool, an attack is found against the existing IDM protocol’s concept when considering vulnerable users while the proposed protocol has achieved the specified goals without ant attack at least in one session. We also, performed a simple usability comparison between the proposed protocol and public kiosk service delivery channel and the proposed protocol shows its effectiveness as well as efficient.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherDTU Compute
Number of pages130
Publication statusSubmitted - 2019
SeriesDTU Compute PHD-2017
Volume455
ISSN0909-3192

Cite this

Elaswad, Othoman. / Authentication for E-Government in Developing Countries - With special focus on the North Africa Countries. DTU Compute, 2019. 130 p. (DTU Compute PHD-2017, Vol. 455).
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title = "Authentication for E-Government in Developing Countries - With special focus on the North Africa Countries",
abstract = "Recently, many countries include both developed countries as well as developing countries have transformed paper based systems into electronic systems using ICT technologies in order to improve service delivery and reduce cost. Several researches and International Organizations in the field of e-Government reports that many countries over the world have not achieved transaction stages of government e-services and most of those countries are from developing countries. One of the main issues challenge government e-service inclusion is digital divide which barriers achieving principle of equal access and benefit of government e-service. Therefore, This thesis aims to investigate digital divide and IDM issues challenge government e-service in developing countries such as North Africa Countries (NAC) from achieving the priciple of equal access in a secure manner. To achieve this aim we, developed a framework that consists of two components include digital divide variables and a simple IDM model in order to assess the current state of government e-service in NAC. Moreover,we analyzed the existing IDM protocol’s concept to understand whether those concepts consider disadvantaged user’s needs. Based on the identified challenges in NAC using the developed framework and the analysis of IDM protocol’s concept we identify the requirements to be satisfied in order to allow large portion of citizens access and benefit of government e-service in equal and secure manner. One possible solution to improve e-Government inclusion is to consider vulnerable group needs such as the case in which users (citizens) do not have the ability either to read or write and as a result are excluded from e-services. Thus, a solution should enable such users to benefit from e-services. Introducing vulnerable group such as illiterate individuals might introduce new risks which have not existed in citizens-government face to face interaction. Thus, considering security property include confidentiality, integrity, non-repudiation and accountability for a proposed solution is needed. User authentication based on social relationship protocol is proposed in order to bridge digital divide. We formalized the proposed protocol as well as IDM protocol’s concept using Open Source Fixed Point Model Checker tool (OFMC) To verify security properties include secrecy of exchanged information and authenticity of communication parties of the target protocols. OFMC is an automatic protocol security verification tool to identify the strengths of the verified protocol. Based on the verification result of OFMC tool, an attack is found against the existing IDM protocol’s concept when considering vulnerable users while the proposed protocol has achieved the specified goals without ant attack at least in one session. We also, performed a simple usability comparison between the proposed protocol and public kiosk service delivery channel and the proposed protocol shows its effectiveness as well as efficient.",
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Authentication for E-Government in Developing Countries - With special focus on the North Africa Countries. / Elaswad, Othoman.

DTU Compute, 2019. 130 p. (DTU Compute PHD-2017, Vol. 455).

Research output: Book/ReportPh.D. thesisResearch

TY - BOOK

T1 - Authentication for E-Government in Developing Countries - With special focus on the North Africa Countries

AU - Elaswad, Othoman

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

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AB - Recently, many countries include both developed countries as well as developing countries have transformed paper based systems into electronic systems using ICT technologies in order to improve service delivery and reduce cost. Several researches and International Organizations in the field of e-Government reports that many countries over the world have not achieved transaction stages of government e-services and most of those countries are from developing countries. One of the main issues challenge government e-service inclusion is digital divide which barriers achieving principle of equal access and benefit of government e-service. Therefore, This thesis aims to investigate digital divide and IDM issues challenge government e-service in developing countries such as North Africa Countries (NAC) from achieving the priciple of equal access in a secure manner. To achieve this aim we, developed a framework that consists of two components include digital divide variables and a simple IDM model in order to assess the current state of government e-service in NAC. Moreover,we analyzed the existing IDM protocol’s concept to understand whether those concepts consider disadvantaged user’s needs. Based on the identified challenges in NAC using the developed framework and the analysis of IDM protocol’s concept we identify the requirements to be satisfied in order to allow large portion of citizens access and benefit of government e-service in equal and secure manner. One possible solution to improve e-Government inclusion is to consider vulnerable group needs such as the case in which users (citizens) do not have the ability either to read or write and as a result are excluded from e-services. Thus, a solution should enable such users to benefit from e-services. Introducing vulnerable group such as illiterate individuals might introduce new risks which have not existed in citizens-government face to face interaction. Thus, considering security property include confidentiality, integrity, non-repudiation and accountability for a proposed solution is needed. User authentication based on social relationship protocol is proposed in order to bridge digital divide. We formalized the proposed protocol as well as IDM protocol’s concept using Open Source Fixed Point Model Checker tool (OFMC) To verify security properties include secrecy of exchanged information and authenticity of communication parties of the target protocols. OFMC is an automatic protocol security verification tool to identify the strengths of the verified protocol. Based on the verification result of OFMC tool, an attack is found against the existing IDM protocol’s concept when considering vulnerable users while the proposed protocol has achieved the specified goals without ant attack at least in one session. We also, performed a simple usability comparison between the proposed protocol and public kiosk service delivery channel and the proposed protocol shows its effectiveness as well as efficient.

M3 - Ph.D. thesis

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Elaswad O. Authentication for E-Government in Developing Countries - With special focus on the North Africa Countries. DTU Compute, 2019. 130 p. (DTU Compute PHD-2017, Vol. 455).