Au/si(111): Analysis of the (#sq root#3X#sq root#3)R 30 deg and 6X6 structures by in-plane x-ray diffraction

D. Dornisch, W. Moritz, H. Schulz, R. Feidenhans'l, M. Nielsen, F. Grey, R.L. Johnson

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearch

    Abstract

    In-plane, fractional-order diffraction-data sets from thin Au layers on Si(111) with (square-root 3 X square-root 3)R 30-degrees and 6 X 6 structures were measured at the wiggler beamline W1 at the Hamburg synchrotron radiation laboratory. For the square-root 3 X square-root 3 structure the trimer model is confirmed with an Au-Au distance of 2.8 angstrom. In the square-root 3 X square-root 3 unit cell, two additional sites beside the Au trimer were found which can be identified with distorted substrate layers or additional partially occupied Au sites. The 6 X 6 structure is a sixfold twinned structure. The observed Patterson function clearly indicates the main features of the structural units. Each consists of three trimer clusters of Au atoms, forming a nearly equilateral triangle. The local structure of each trimer is either the original square-root 3 X square-root 3 structure or a twin structure where the Au trimers are rotated by 60-degrees. Three of these structural units form the 6 X 6 unit cell. Model calculations with incoherent superposition of twin domains lead to Patterson maps very similar to the one observed.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPhysical Review B
    Volume44
    Issue number20
    Pages (from-to)11221-11230
    ISSN2469-9950
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1991

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