Attenuation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa virulence by quorum sensing inhibitors

Morten Hentzer, H. Wu, Jens Bo Andersen, K. Riedel, Thomas Bovbjerg Rasmussen, N. Bagge, N. Kumar, Mark Schembri, Z.J. Song, Peter Kristoffersen, M. Manefield, J.W. Costerton, Søren Molin, Leo Eberl, P. Steinberg, S. Kjelleberg, N. Høiby, Michael Christian Givskov

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    Traditional treatment of infectious diseases is based on compounds that kill or inhibit growth of bacteria. A major concern with this approach is the frequent development of resistance to antibiotics. The discovery of communication systems (quorum sensing systems) regulating bacterial virulence has afforded a novel opportunity to control infectious bacteria without interfering with growth. Compounds that can override communication signals have been found in the marine environment. Using Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 as an example of an opportunistic human pathogen, we show that a synthetic derivate of natural furanone compounds can act as a potent antagonist of bacterial quorum sensing. We employed GeneChip((R)) microarray technology to identify furanone target genes and to map the quorum sensing regulon. The transcriptome analysis showed that the furanone drug specifically targeted quorum sensing systems and inhibited virulence factor expression. Application of the drug to P.aeruginosa biofilms increased bacterial susceptibility to tobramycin and SDS. In a mouse pulmonary infection model, the drug inhibited quorum sensing of the infecting bacteria and promoted their clearance by the mouse immune response.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEMBO Journal
    Issue number15
    Pages (from-to)3803-3815
    Publication statusPublished - 2003

    Cite this

    Hentzer, M., Wu, H., Andersen, J. B., Riedel, K., Rasmussen, T. B., Bagge, N., Kumar, N., Schembri, M., Song, Z. J., Kristoffersen, P., Manefield, M., Costerton, J. W., Molin, S., Eberl, L., Steinberg, P., Kjelleberg, S., Høiby, N., & Givskov, M. C. (2003). Attenuation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa virulence by quorum sensing inhibitors. EMBO Journal, 22(15), 3803-3815.