In this work, we present an atomistic first-principles framework for modeling the low-temperature electronic and transport properties of disordered two-dimensional (2D) materials with randomly distributed point defects (impurities). The method is based on the T-matrix formalism in combination with realistic density-functional theory descriptions of the defects and their scattering matrix elements. From the T-matrix approximations to the disorder-averaged Green’s function and the collision integral in the Boltzmann transport equation, the method allows calculations of, e.g., the density of states including contributions from bound defect states, the quasiparticle spectrum and the spectral linewidth (scattering rate), and the conductivity/mobility of disordered 2D materials. We demonstrate the method by examining these quantities in monolayers of the archetypal 2D materials graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides contaminated with vacancy defects and substitutional impurity atoms. By comparing the Born and T-matrix approximations, we also demonstrate a strong breakdown of the Born approximation for defects in 2D materials manifested in a pronounced renormalization of, e.g., the scattering rate by the higher-order T-matrix method. As the T-matrix approximation is essentially exact for dilute disorder, i.e., low defect concentrations (cdis « 1) or density (ndis « A−1cell where Acell is the unit-cell area), our first-principles method provides an excellent framework for modeling the properties of disordered 2D materials with defect concentrations relevant for devices.
|Journal||Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)|
|Number of pages||25|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|