Atmospheric stability and complex terrain: comparing measurements and CFD

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For wind resource assessment, the wind industry is increasingly relying on Computational Fluid Dynamics models that focus on modeling the airflow in a neutrally stratified surface layer. So far, physical processes that are specific to the atmospheric boundary layer, for example the Coriolis force, buoyancy forces and heat transport, are mostly ignored in state-of-the-art flow solvers. In order to decrease the uncertainty of wind resource assessment, the effect of thermal stratification on the atmospheric boundary layer should be included in such models. The present work focuses on non-neutral atmospheric flow over complex terrain including physical processes like stability and Coriolis force. We examine the influence of these effects on the whole atmospheric boundary layer using the DTU Wind Energy flow solver EllipSys3D. To validate the flow solver, measurements from Benakanahalli hill, a field experiment that took place in India in early 2010, are used. The experiment was specifically designed to address the combined effects of stability and Coriolis force over complex terrain, and provides a dataset to validate flow solvers. Including those effects into EllipSys3D significantly improves the predicted flow field when compared against the measurements.
Original languageEnglish
Article number012060
Book seriesJournal of Physics: Conference Series (Online)
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventThe science of Making Torque from Wind 2012: 4th scientific conference - Universität Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany
Duration: 9 Oct 201211 Oct 2012


ConferenceThe science of Making Torque from Wind 2012
LocationUniversität Oldenburg
Internet address

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