Atmospheric flow simulation over stationary waves with various steepness using WRF-LES

S. Hamzeloo*, A. Peña, X. G. Larsén, A. N. Hahmann

*Corresponding author for this work

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We investigated the capability of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model to perform large-eddy simulations (LESs) of the structure of the marine atmospheric boundary layer and turbulence exchange between the sea surface and the atmosphere. The WRF-LES model results were compared to results from Sullivan (2008) [1] for two cases: flow over a flat surface and over an idealized stationary sinusoidal surface. We also investigated the sensitivity of the WRF-LES model in simulating turbulence through the marine atmosphere under a range of horizontal grid spacings and wave steepnesses. All simulations were performed in a conventionally neutral atmosphere with a geostrophic wind of 5 m s−1, aligned with the direction of wave propagation. The simulated wind vertical profiles from the WRF-LES model exhibit similar behavior to those of Sullivan (2008) over both wavy and flat surfaces, but the differences in Sullivan’s vertical wind profiles for the two cases are considerably larger in comparison to those derived from WRF-LES. Furthermore, spectral analysis clearly shows the effect of horizontal grid spacing. The impact of wave steepness on turbulence distribution is clearly noticeable in the vertical profiles of resolved velocity variances and covariances. The impact is largest close to the surface, but it is important throughout the bulk of the boundary layer.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Science of Making Torque from Wind (TORQUE 2024): Offshore wind
Number of pages10
PublisherIOP Publishing
Publication date2024
Article number062015
Publication statusPublished - 2024
EventThe Science of Making Torque from Wind (TORQUE 2024) - Florence, Italy
Duration: 29 May 202431 May 2024


ConferenceThe Science of Making Torque from Wind (TORQUE 2024)
SeriesJournal of Physics: Conference Series


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