This paper reports the fabrication of an ultra-high energy and power density asymmetric supercapacitor (ASC) containing a novel porous carbon nanofiber derived from hypercross-linked polymers (HCP-CNF) and two-dimensional copper cobalt oxide nanosheets (CCO-NS) as the negative and positive electrodes, respectively. The micropore-enriched HCP-CNF is obtained from a facile Friedel-Crafts reaction with naphthalene and α, α′-dichloro-p-xylene as the starting material. The CCO-NS have been prepared by a simple and inexpensive hydrothermal synthesis using polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) as a shape controlling agent. The fabricated CCO-NS//HCP-CNF ASC device exhibit a high specific capacitance, 244 F g−1 at a current density of 1 A g−1, owing to the unique porous architecture of CCO-NS and the interconnected microporous carbon skeleton with a high surface area of HCP-CNF. Furthermore, the assembled ASC device show an ultra-high energy density of 25.1 Wh kg−1 at a power density of 400 W kg−1 with maximum operating voltage of 1.60 V. The electrode shows good capacitance retention (91.1%) after 5000 cycles in a 3 M aqueous KOH solution. In addition, two ASC devices are connected in series powered a 5 mm diameter LED indicator for approximately 30 min, highlighting its efficient power supply.
- Energy storage
- Porous carbon
- Asymmetric supercapacitors
Suresh Babu, R., Vinodh, R., de Barros, A. L. F., Samyn, L. M., Prasanna, K., Maier, M. A., ... Kim, H-J. (2019). Asymmetric supercapacitor based on carbon nanofibers as the anode and two-dimensional copper cobalt oxide nanosheets as the cathode. Chemical Engineering Journal, 366, 390-403. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2019.02.108