Assessment of The Most Sustainable “Management Scenario” For An Old Pesticide Dumpsite

Morten Bondgård, Anja Melvej, Kasper Rüegg, Børge hvidberg, Hans Fredborg, Gitte Lemming Søndergaard, Poul Løgstrup Bjerg, Philip John Binning

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Abstract

Background and objectives
In the 1950’ties and early 60’ties several hundreds tons of chemical waste were deposited in a dumpsite located on the west coast of Denmark. In 1973 and again in 1981 the dumpsite was partly remediated by excavation of contaminated sand. However, more than 100 tons of organophosphourous insecticides (primarily ethyl-parathion) and other chemicals remained in the subsurface and posed a threat to the aquatic environment in the North Sea.

In 2006, the dumpsite was encapsulated to a depth of 14 meters by an iron sheet piling, to stop leaching of chemicals to the North Sea. The environmental authorities in Denmark have since then been working on developing remediation methods that can be used to clean-up the site. The overall objective for a future remediation (or management scenario) is to ensure that there is no risk to the aquatic environment.

Approach
Four remediation methods (management scenarios) were found suitable to fulfill the objective; (1) Excavation of the site followed by thermal soil treatment, (2) In situ alkaline hydrolysis, (3) In situ steam enhanced extraction and (4) Continued encapsulation of the site (no removal of contaminants). The cost varied from 33 mio. EURO (solution 1) to 0.13 mio. EURO/year (solution 4).

One management scenario had to be recommended to the decision-makers (the regional politicians) in the Central Denmark Region – so which one of the four solutions are the most sustainable?

In order to improve decision-making, a multi-criteria assessment method for comparing the sustainability of the remediation alternatives was developed and applied. The model considers cost and effect of remediation, but also time, environmental and societal impacts and involves stakeholders in the derivation of criteria weights.

Results
The use of the multi-criteria method provided insight into how the four management scenarios compare to each other in terms of remedial effect, cost, time use and external impacts to environment and society.

Surprisingly, the sustainability assessment showed that excavation and thermal treatment of the soil was the most sustainable solution, although it was by far more expensive and had the highest secondary effects on the environment. The result of the sustainability assessment played an important part in the decision-making process when the politicians in Central Denmark Region decided on which management scenario to choose for the future.

The presentation will describe the four management scenarios, the sustainability assessment and how it was actually used in the political decision-making process in Denmark.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2016
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event10th International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds - Palm Springs, United States
Duration: 22 May 201626 May 2016
Conference number: 10

Conference

Conference10th International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds
Number10
CountryUnited States
CityPalm Springs
Period22/05/201626/05/2016

Cite this

Bondgård, M., Melvej, A., Rüegg, K., hvidberg, B., Fredborg, H., Søndergaard, G. L., ... Binning, P. J. (2016). Assessment of The Most Sustainable “Management Scenario” For An Old Pesticide Dumpsite. Abstract from 10th International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, Palm Springs, United States.
Bondgård, Morten ; Melvej, Anja ; Rüegg, Kasper ; hvidberg, Børge ; Fredborg, Hans ; Søndergaard, Gitte Lemming ; Bjerg, Poul Løgstrup ; Binning, Philip John. / Assessment of The Most Sustainable “Management Scenario” For An Old Pesticide Dumpsite. Abstract from 10th International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, Palm Springs, United States.1 p.
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abstract = "Background and objectivesIn the 1950’ties and early 60’ties several hundreds tons of chemical waste were deposited in a dumpsite located on the west coast of Denmark. In 1973 and again in 1981 the dumpsite was partly remediated by excavation of contaminated sand. However, more than 100 tons of organophosphourous insecticides (primarily ethyl-parathion) and other chemicals remained in the subsurface and posed a threat to the aquatic environment in the North Sea.In 2006, the dumpsite was encapsulated to a depth of 14 meters by an iron sheet piling, to stop leaching of chemicals to the North Sea. The environmental authorities in Denmark have since then been working on developing remediation methods that can be used to clean-up the site. The overall objective for a future remediation (or management scenario) is to ensure that there is no risk to the aquatic environment. ApproachFour remediation methods (management scenarios) were found suitable to fulfill the objective; (1) Excavation of the site followed by thermal soil treatment, (2) In situ alkaline hydrolysis, (3) In situ steam enhanced extraction and (4) Continued encapsulation of the site (no removal of contaminants). The cost varied from 33 mio. EURO (solution 1) to 0.13 mio. EURO/year (solution 4). One management scenario had to be recommended to the decision-makers (the regional politicians) in the Central Denmark Region – so which one of the four solutions are the most sustainable?In order to improve decision-making, a multi-criteria assessment method for comparing the sustainability of the remediation alternatives was developed and applied. The model considers cost and effect of remediation, but also time, environmental and societal impacts and involves stakeholders in the derivation of criteria weights.ResultsThe use of the multi-criteria method provided insight into how the four management scenarios compare to each other in terms of remedial effect, cost, time use and external impacts to environment and society.Surprisingly, the sustainability assessment showed that excavation and thermal treatment of the soil was the most sustainable solution, although it was by far more expensive and had the highest secondary effects on the environment. The result of the sustainability assessment played an important part in the decision-making process when the politicians in Central Denmark Region decided on which management scenario to choose for the future.The presentation will describe the four management scenarios, the sustainability assessment and how it was actually used in the political decision-making process in Denmark.",
author = "Morten Bondg{\aa}rd and Anja Melvej and Kasper R{\"u}egg and B{\o}rge hvidberg and Hans Fredborg and S{\o}ndergaard, {Gitte Lemming} and Bjerg, {Poul L{\o}gstrup} and Binning, {Philip John}",
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Bondgård, M, Melvej, A, Rüegg, K, hvidberg, B, Fredborg, H, Søndergaard, GL, Bjerg, PL & Binning, PJ 2016, 'Assessment of The Most Sustainable “Management Scenario” For An Old Pesticide Dumpsite', 10th International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, Palm Springs, United States, 22/05/2016 - 26/05/2016.

Assessment of The Most Sustainable “Management Scenario” For An Old Pesticide Dumpsite. / Bondgård, Morten; Melvej, Anja; Rüegg, Kasper; hvidberg, Børge; Fredborg, Hans ; Søndergaard, Gitte Lemming; Bjerg, Poul Løgstrup; Binning, Philip John.

2016. Abstract from 10th International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, Palm Springs, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

TY - ABST

T1 - Assessment of The Most Sustainable “Management Scenario” For An Old Pesticide Dumpsite

AU - Bondgård, Morten

AU - Melvej, Anja

AU - Rüegg, Kasper

AU - hvidberg, Børge

AU - Fredborg, Hans

AU - Søndergaard, Gitte Lemming

AU - Bjerg, Poul Løgstrup

AU - Binning, Philip John

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Background and objectivesIn the 1950’ties and early 60’ties several hundreds tons of chemical waste were deposited in a dumpsite located on the west coast of Denmark. In 1973 and again in 1981 the dumpsite was partly remediated by excavation of contaminated sand. However, more than 100 tons of organophosphourous insecticides (primarily ethyl-parathion) and other chemicals remained in the subsurface and posed a threat to the aquatic environment in the North Sea.In 2006, the dumpsite was encapsulated to a depth of 14 meters by an iron sheet piling, to stop leaching of chemicals to the North Sea. The environmental authorities in Denmark have since then been working on developing remediation methods that can be used to clean-up the site. The overall objective for a future remediation (or management scenario) is to ensure that there is no risk to the aquatic environment. ApproachFour remediation methods (management scenarios) were found suitable to fulfill the objective; (1) Excavation of the site followed by thermal soil treatment, (2) In situ alkaline hydrolysis, (3) In situ steam enhanced extraction and (4) Continued encapsulation of the site (no removal of contaminants). The cost varied from 33 mio. EURO (solution 1) to 0.13 mio. EURO/year (solution 4). One management scenario had to be recommended to the decision-makers (the regional politicians) in the Central Denmark Region – so which one of the four solutions are the most sustainable?In order to improve decision-making, a multi-criteria assessment method for comparing the sustainability of the remediation alternatives was developed and applied. The model considers cost and effect of remediation, but also time, environmental and societal impacts and involves stakeholders in the derivation of criteria weights.ResultsThe use of the multi-criteria method provided insight into how the four management scenarios compare to each other in terms of remedial effect, cost, time use and external impacts to environment and society.Surprisingly, the sustainability assessment showed that excavation and thermal treatment of the soil was the most sustainable solution, although it was by far more expensive and had the highest secondary effects on the environment. The result of the sustainability assessment played an important part in the decision-making process when the politicians in Central Denmark Region decided on which management scenario to choose for the future.The presentation will describe the four management scenarios, the sustainability assessment and how it was actually used in the political decision-making process in Denmark.

AB - Background and objectivesIn the 1950’ties and early 60’ties several hundreds tons of chemical waste were deposited in a dumpsite located on the west coast of Denmark. In 1973 and again in 1981 the dumpsite was partly remediated by excavation of contaminated sand. However, more than 100 tons of organophosphourous insecticides (primarily ethyl-parathion) and other chemicals remained in the subsurface and posed a threat to the aquatic environment in the North Sea.In 2006, the dumpsite was encapsulated to a depth of 14 meters by an iron sheet piling, to stop leaching of chemicals to the North Sea. The environmental authorities in Denmark have since then been working on developing remediation methods that can be used to clean-up the site. The overall objective for a future remediation (or management scenario) is to ensure that there is no risk to the aquatic environment. ApproachFour remediation methods (management scenarios) were found suitable to fulfill the objective; (1) Excavation of the site followed by thermal soil treatment, (2) In situ alkaline hydrolysis, (3) In situ steam enhanced extraction and (4) Continued encapsulation of the site (no removal of contaminants). The cost varied from 33 mio. EURO (solution 1) to 0.13 mio. EURO/year (solution 4). One management scenario had to be recommended to the decision-makers (the regional politicians) in the Central Denmark Region – so which one of the four solutions are the most sustainable?In order to improve decision-making, a multi-criteria assessment method for comparing the sustainability of the remediation alternatives was developed and applied. The model considers cost and effect of remediation, but also time, environmental and societal impacts and involves stakeholders in the derivation of criteria weights.ResultsThe use of the multi-criteria method provided insight into how the four management scenarios compare to each other in terms of remedial effect, cost, time use and external impacts to environment and society.Surprisingly, the sustainability assessment showed that excavation and thermal treatment of the soil was the most sustainable solution, although it was by far more expensive and had the highest secondary effects on the environment. The result of the sustainability assessment played an important part in the decision-making process when the politicians in Central Denmark Region decided on which management scenario to choose for the future.The presentation will describe the four management scenarios, the sustainability assessment and how it was actually used in the political decision-making process in Denmark.

M3 - Conference abstract for conference

ER -

Bondgård M, Melvej A, Rüegg K, hvidberg B, Fredborg H, Søndergaard GL et al. Assessment of The Most Sustainable “Management Scenario” For An Old Pesticide Dumpsite. 2016. Abstract from 10th International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, Palm Springs, United States.