Assessment of source contributions to the urban air quality for the Bristol claircity pilot case

Kevin Oliveira, Vera Rodrigues, Silvia Coelho, Ana Patrícia Fernandes, Sandra Rafael, Carlos Faria, Joana Ferreira, Carlos Borrego, Trond Husby, Iason Diafas, Per Sieverts Nielsen, Xiufeng Liu, Angreine Kewo, Carlo Trozzi, Enzo Piscitello, Kris Vanherle, Svein Knudsen, Evert Bouman, Jo Barnes, Stephan Slingerland & 3 others Enda Hayes, Hans Bolscher, Myriam Lopes

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The world's population has been growing continuously, with most people inhabiting urban settlements. Furthermore, air pollution has become a growing concern, mainly in densely populated cities, where human health is threatened by acute air pollution episodes. The H2020 ClairCity project aims to substantially improve future air quality and carbon policies in European cities by initiating new modes of engaging citizens, stakeholders and policy makers. ClairCity applies an innovative quantification framework developed to assess environmental, health and economic impacts. In this work, the quantification framework was applied and calibrated for the baseline situation in Bristol, the ClairCity pilot city. The second-generation Gaussian model URBAIR was set up to simulate NO2 and particulate matter (PM) concentrations for the entire year of 2015. An analysis of source contribution was performed providing information on the contributions of different source sectors (e.g. road transport, industrial, residential and commercial) to NO2 and PM concentrations. The results point to a predominant contribution of road transport sector of 53% to NO2 concentrations in Bristol, while the residential sector is the main contributor (with a contribution of 82%) to particulate matter concentrations, mainly linked with a high use of solid biomass combustion in this sector. These results can be powerful to support the design of air quality management plans and strategies and to forecast potential benefits of reducing emissions from a particular source category.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProccedings of 27th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution
Volume236
Publication date2019
Pages89-98
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
SeriesW I T Transactions on Ecology and the Environment
ISSN1746-448X

Cite this

Oliveira, K., Rodrigues, V., Coelho, S., Patrícia Fernandes, A., Rafael, S., Faria, C., ... Lopes, M. (2019). Assessment of source contributions to the urban air quality for the Bristol claircity pilot case. In Proccedings of 27th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution (Vol. 236, pp. 89-98). W I T Transactions on Ecology and the Environment https://doi.org/10.2495/AIR190091
Oliveira, Kevin ; Rodrigues, Vera ; Coelho, Silvia ; Patrícia Fernandes, Ana ; Rafael, Sandra ; Faria, Carlos ; Ferreira, Joana ; Borrego, Carlos ; Husby, Trond ; Diafas, Iason ; Nielsen, Per Sieverts ; Liu, Xiufeng ; Kewo, Angreine ; Trozzi, Carlo ; Piscitello, Enzo ; Vanherle, Kris ; Knudsen, Svein ; Bouman, Evert ; Barnes, Jo ; Slingerland, Stephan ; Hayes, Enda ; Bolscher, Hans ; Lopes, Myriam. / Assessment of source contributions to the urban air quality for the Bristol claircity pilot case. Proccedings of 27th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution. Vol. 236 2019. pp. 89-98 (W I T Transactions on Ecology and the Environment).
@inproceedings{2aff6ce20af64ffbadee37fc181ea715,
title = "Assessment of source contributions to the urban air quality for the Bristol claircity pilot case",
abstract = "The world's population has been growing continuously, with most people inhabiting urban settlements. Furthermore, air pollution has become a growing concern, mainly in densely populated cities, where human health is threatened by acute air pollution episodes. The H2020 ClairCity project aims to substantially improve future air quality and carbon policies in European cities by initiating new modes of engaging citizens, stakeholders and policy makers. ClairCity applies an innovative quantification framework developed to assess environmental, health and economic impacts. In this work, the quantification framework was applied and calibrated for the baseline situation in Bristol, the ClairCity pilot city. The second-generation Gaussian model URBAIR was set up to simulate NO2 and particulate matter (PM) concentrations for the entire year of 2015. An analysis of source contribution was performed providing information on the contributions of different source sectors (e.g. road transport, industrial, residential and commercial) to NO2 and PM concentrations. The results point to a predominant contribution of road transport sector of 53{\%} to NO2 concentrations in Bristol, while the residential sector is the main contributor (with a contribution of 82{\%}) to particulate matter concentrations, mainly linked with a high use of solid biomass combustion in this sector. These results can be powerful to support the design of air quality management plans and strategies and to forecast potential benefits of reducing emissions from a particular source category.",
author = "Kevin Oliveira and Vera Rodrigues and Silvia Coelho and {Patr{\'i}cia Fernandes}, Ana and Sandra Rafael and Carlos Faria and Joana Ferreira and Carlos Borrego and Trond Husby and Iason Diafas and Nielsen, {Per Sieverts} and Xiufeng Liu and Angreine Kewo and Carlo Trozzi and Enzo Piscitello and Kris Vanherle and Svein Knudsen and Evert Bouman and Jo Barnes and Stephan Slingerland and Enda Hayes and Hans Bolscher and Myriam Lopes",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.2495/AIR190091",
language = "English",
volume = "236",
pages = "89--98",
booktitle = "Proccedings of 27th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution",

}

Oliveira, K, Rodrigues, V, Coelho, S, Patrícia Fernandes, A, Rafael, S, Faria, C, Ferreira, J, Borrego, C, Husby, T, Diafas, I, Nielsen, PS, Liu, X, Kewo, A, Trozzi, C, Piscitello, E, Vanherle, K, Knudsen, S, Bouman, E, Barnes, J, Slingerland, S, Hayes, E, Bolscher, H & Lopes, M 2019, Assessment of source contributions to the urban air quality for the Bristol claircity pilot case. in Proccedings of 27th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution. vol. 236, W I T Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, pp. 89-98. https://doi.org/10.2495/AIR190091

Assessment of source contributions to the urban air quality for the Bristol claircity pilot case. / Oliveira, Kevin; Rodrigues, Vera; Coelho, Silvia; Patrícia Fernandes, Ana; Rafael, Sandra; Faria, Carlos; Ferreira, Joana; Borrego, Carlos; Husby, Trond; Diafas, Iason; Nielsen, Per Sieverts; Liu, Xiufeng; Kewo, Angreine; Trozzi, Carlo; Piscitello, Enzo; Vanherle, Kris; Knudsen, Svein; Bouman, Evert; Barnes, Jo; Slingerland, Stephan; Hayes, Enda; Bolscher, Hans; Lopes, Myriam.

Proccedings of 27th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution. Vol. 236 2019. p. 89-98 (W I T Transactions on Ecology and the Environment).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Assessment of source contributions to the urban air quality for the Bristol claircity pilot case

AU - Oliveira, Kevin

AU - Rodrigues, Vera

AU - Coelho, Silvia

AU - Patrícia Fernandes, Ana

AU - Rafael, Sandra

AU - Faria, Carlos

AU - Ferreira, Joana

AU - Borrego, Carlos

AU - Husby, Trond

AU - Diafas, Iason

AU - Nielsen, Per Sieverts

AU - Liu, Xiufeng

AU - Kewo, Angreine

AU - Trozzi, Carlo

AU - Piscitello, Enzo

AU - Vanherle, Kris

AU - Knudsen, Svein

AU - Bouman, Evert

AU - Barnes, Jo

AU - Slingerland, Stephan

AU - Hayes, Enda

AU - Bolscher, Hans

AU - Lopes, Myriam

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The world's population has been growing continuously, with most people inhabiting urban settlements. Furthermore, air pollution has become a growing concern, mainly in densely populated cities, where human health is threatened by acute air pollution episodes. The H2020 ClairCity project aims to substantially improve future air quality and carbon policies in European cities by initiating new modes of engaging citizens, stakeholders and policy makers. ClairCity applies an innovative quantification framework developed to assess environmental, health and economic impacts. In this work, the quantification framework was applied and calibrated for the baseline situation in Bristol, the ClairCity pilot city. The second-generation Gaussian model URBAIR was set up to simulate NO2 and particulate matter (PM) concentrations for the entire year of 2015. An analysis of source contribution was performed providing information on the contributions of different source sectors (e.g. road transport, industrial, residential and commercial) to NO2 and PM concentrations. The results point to a predominant contribution of road transport sector of 53% to NO2 concentrations in Bristol, while the residential sector is the main contributor (with a contribution of 82%) to particulate matter concentrations, mainly linked with a high use of solid biomass combustion in this sector. These results can be powerful to support the design of air quality management plans and strategies and to forecast potential benefits of reducing emissions from a particular source category.

AB - The world's population has been growing continuously, with most people inhabiting urban settlements. Furthermore, air pollution has become a growing concern, mainly in densely populated cities, where human health is threatened by acute air pollution episodes. The H2020 ClairCity project aims to substantially improve future air quality and carbon policies in European cities by initiating new modes of engaging citizens, stakeholders and policy makers. ClairCity applies an innovative quantification framework developed to assess environmental, health and economic impacts. In this work, the quantification framework was applied and calibrated for the baseline situation in Bristol, the ClairCity pilot city. The second-generation Gaussian model URBAIR was set up to simulate NO2 and particulate matter (PM) concentrations for the entire year of 2015. An analysis of source contribution was performed providing information on the contributions of different source sectors (e.g. road transport, industrial, residential and commercial) to NO2 and PM concentrations. The results point to a predominant contribution of road transport sector of 53% to NO2 concentrations in Bristol, while the residential sector is the main contributor (with a contribution of 82%) to particulate matter concentrations, mainly linked with a high use of solid biomass combustion in this sector. These results can be powerful to support the design of air quality management plans and strategies and to forecast potential benefits of reducing emissions from a particular source category.

U2 - 10.2495/AIR190091

DO - 10.2495/AIR190091

M3 - Article in proceedings

VL - 236

SP - 89

EP - 98

BT - Proccedings of 27th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution

ER -

Oliveira K, Rodrigues V, Coelho S, Patrícia Fernandes A, Rafael S, Faria C et al. Assessment of source contributions to the urban air quality for the Bristol claircity pilot case. In Proccedings of 27th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution. Vol. 236. 2019. p. 89-98. (W I T Transactions on Ecology and the Environment). https://doi.org/10.2495/AIR190091