Assessment of real-time tariffs for electric vehicles in Denmark

T. Soares, C. Fonseca, H. Morais, S. Ramos, T. Sousa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


The charging behavior of electric vehicles (EVs) is a key concern to system operators and retailers given a massive adoption these resources. System operators and retailers may profit from the handling of EVs as flexible loads. The former has interest to move their charging into periods without congestion and voltage problems. Similarly, the latter wants them to only charge at periods when energy is cheaper. This paper addresses the problem by modelling a real-time tariff to encourage flexible EVs charging behavior. More precisely, different tariffs are modelled based on the relation between wind power generation, load consumption and spot price, while assuming Denmark as showcase. The EVs behavior entails three different patterns and a socioeconomic term that defines the anxiety of EVs users' to be responsive to the tariffs. An important conclusion is that a proper real-time tariff design can reduce the energy costs for the retailer and EVs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2019 IEEE Milan PowerTech
Number of pages6
Publication date1 Jun 2019
Article number8810747
ISBN (Electronic)9781538647226
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019
Event2019 IEEE Milan PowerTech, PowerTech 2019 - Milan, Italy
Duration: 23 Jun 201927 Jun 2019


Conference2019 IEEE Milan PowerTech, PowerTech 2019
Series2019 IEEE Milan PowerTech, PowerTech 2019


  • Electric vehicle
  • Opportunity cost
  • Real-time tariff
  • Wind generation


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