Assessment of co-composting of sludge and woodchips in the perspective of environmental impacts (EASETECH)

Yan Zhao, Wenjing Lu, Anders Damgaard, Yu Zhang, Hongtao Wang

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To reveal potential impacts to environment and human health quantitatively, co-composting and utilization of sludge and woodchips were investigated using a life-cycle-based model, EASETECH. Three scenarios were assessed through experiments using different material ratios. Emission amounts during co-composting were determined by monitoring data and mass balance. With 100. t sludge treatment, co-composting showed impacts to acidification (29.9 PE) and terrestrial eutrophication (57.7 PE) mainly for ammonia emission. Compost utilization presented savings on freshwater eutrophication (-1.5 PE) because of phosphorus substitution. With the application of fewer woodchips, impacts to acidification and terrestrial eutrophication decreased because more ammonium was reserved rather than released. All impacts to human toxicity were not significant (8.2. ±. 0.6 PE) because the compost was used for urban landscaping rather than farming. Trace gaseous compounds showed marginal impacts to global warming and toxicity categories. The results provide a new perspective and offer evidence for appropriate sludge treatment selection.
Original languageEnglish
JournalWaste Management
Pages (from-to)55-60
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Co-composting
  • Environmental impact
  • Life cycle assessment (LCA)
  • Sludge
  • Acidification
  • Composting
  • Eutrophication
  • Global warming
  • Life cycle
  • Toxicity
  • Ammonia emissions
  • Cocomposting
  • Compost utilization
  • Gaseous compounds
  • Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
  • Phosphorus substitution


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