Assessment of Carcinogenicity of di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate in a short-term assay using Xpa(-/-) and Xpa(-/-)/p53(+/-) mice

Alicja Mortensen, Margareta Bertram, V. Aarup, Ilona Kryspin Sørensen

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The potential of Xpa(-/-) and Xpa(-/-)/p53(+/-) mice for short-term carcinogenicity assays was evaluated with di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP). Groups of 15 male and female Xpa(-/-) mice, received diets containing 0, 1,500, 3, 000, or 6,000 ppm DEHP, and wild-type (WT) and Xpa(-/-)/p53(+/-) mice 0 or 6,000 ppm DEHP for 39 weeks. Xpa(-/-), Xpa(-/-)/p53(+/-), and WT males, fed 2,500 ppm p-cresidine, served as a positive control. In all models, the survival was not altered by DEHP. Increased incidences of nonneoplastic lesions were recorded in testes and kidneys with no apparent difference between the models. The only liver tumors in all models were adenomas in males with no statistically significantly increased incidence. For p-cresidine, the survival was decreased (p <0.05) only in transgenic models. Statistically significantly increased incidences of nonneoplastic lesions were recorded in the liver, urinary bladder, and nasal cavity in all models, and in kidneys in transgenic models. The only tumors with statistically significantly increased incidence were liver adenomas in transgenic models (XPA:1 vs 7; `XPA/p53': 0 vs 12; WT: 0 vs 5, p = 0.053) and urinary bladder carcinomas in XPA/p53 model (0 vs 7). The negative carcinogenic response to DEHP and the positive response to p-cresidine support the expected sensitivity to genotoxic carcinogens in these transgenic models.
Original languageEnglish
JournalToxicologic Pathology
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)188-199
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • XPA
  • hepatocellular adenoma
  • xeroderma pigmentosum
  • p-cresidine
  • p53 tumor suppressor gene
  • testicular atrophy
  • carcinogenicity testing

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