Assessing the performance of the random phase approximation for exchange and superexchange coupling constants in magnetic crystalline solids

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Abstract

The random phase approximation (RPA) for total energies has previously been shown to provide a qualitatively correct description of static correlation in molecular systems, where density functional theory (DFT) with local functionals are bound to fail. This immediately poses the question of whether the RPA is also able to capture the correct physics of strongly correlated solids such asMott insulators. Due to strong electron localization, magnetic interactions in such systems are dominated by superexchange, which in the simplest picture can be regarded as the analog of static correlation for molecules. In this paper, we investigate the performance of the RPA for evaluating both superexchange and direct exchange interactions in the magnetic solids NiO, MnO, Na3Cu2SbO6, Sr2CuO3, Sr2CuTeO6, and a monolayer of CrI3, which were chosen to represent a broad variety of magnetic interactions. It is found that the RPA can accurately correct the large errors introduced by Hartree- Fock, independent of the input orbitals used for the perturbative expansion. However, in most cases, accuracies similar to RPA can be obtained with DFT+ U, which is significantly simpler from a computational point of view.
Original languageEnglish
Article number125143
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume96
Issue number12
Number of pages8
ISSN2469-9950
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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