Arabidopsis VARIEGATED 3 encodes a chloroplasttargeted, zinc-finger protein required for chloroplast and palisade cell development

Henrik Næsted, A. Holm, T. Jenkins, H.B. Nielsen, C.A. Harris, M.H. Beale, M. Andersen, A. Mant, H. Scheller, B. Camara, O. Mattsson, J. Mundy

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    Abstract

    The stable, recessive Arabidopsis variegated 3 (var3) mutant exhibits a variegated phenotype due to somatic areas lacking or containing developmentally retarded chloroplasts and greatly reduced numbers of palisade cells. The VAR3 gene, isolated by transposon tagging, encodes the 85.9 kDa VAR3 protein containing novel repeats and zinc fingers described as protein interaction domains. VAR3 interacts specifically in yeast and in vitro with NCED4, a putative polyene chain or carotenoid dioxygenase, and both VAR3 and NCED4 accumulate in the chloroplast stroma. Metabolic profiling demonstrates that pigment profiles are qualitatively similar in wild type and var3, although var3 accumulates lower levels of chlorophylls and carotenoids. These results indicate that VAR3 is a part of a protein complex required for normal chloroplast and palisade cell development.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Cell Science
    Volume117
    Pages (from-to)4807-4818
    Publication statusPublished - 2004

    Cite this

    Næsted, H., Holm, A., Jenkins, T., Nielsen, H. B., Harris, C. A., Beale, M. H., Andersen, M., Mant, A., Scheller, H., Camara, B., Mattsson, O., & Mundy, J. (2004). Arabidopsis VARIEGATED 3 encodes a chloroplasttargeted, zinc-finger protein required for chloroplast and palisade cell development. Journal of Cell Science, 117, 4807-4818.