Approach for investigations of progressive fatigue damage in 3D in fibre composites using X-ray tomography

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Abstract

Understanding fatigue damage initiation and evolution in the load carrying laminates inside wind turbine blade plays a key factor designing longer and lighter turbine blades. Thereby, it is possible to lower the Cost of Energy for the wind energy based electricity production either by simply building larger wind turbines or by upgrading existing turbines for lower wind classes’ . In the presented work, a Zeiss Xradia Versa 520 scanner has been used in connection with ex-situ fatigue testing with the purpose of identifying fibre failure during the fatigue loading. The load carrying laminates is typically based on stacking of a number of non-crimp fabrics in where the load carrying fibres are oriented in the axial direction of the wind turbine blade. In order to ease the handling of the fabric during the dry fabric layup and ensure a good alignment of the final laminates, approximately 10% of the fibres are oriented in secondary directions. Thereby, the non-crimp fabric is given some shear stiffness. The figures below show the results from a scanning of a fatigue damaged material. The width of the full scanned cross section is 15 mm, while the size of the zoomed scan is approximately 2.5 mm. The small black points visible in the two lower slices taken from the zoomed scan indicate fibre failure. From the red slice, the fibre failure is seen to be located in regions with the backing bundles are located. The backing bundles in the red slice are pointing out of the figure plan. In the green slice, it can be seen that the fibre failure in the load carrying fibres, are following the 45 degree orientation of the backing bundles where the 45 degree backing bundle can be seen at the left side of the green slice figure. In addition, to the scan case shown here, an ex-situ study of the fibre progression (Jespersen & Mikkelsen, 2016) has been performed. An ex-situ study where it has been important to design a good gripping strategy inside the scanning machine. Doing this, it has been possible to scan the same region multiple times. Thereby, a progressive fatigue damage evolution has been observed.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2016
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event1st International Symposium on Multi-Scale Experimental Mechanics - DTU Risø Campus, Roskilde, Denmark
Duration: 5 Oct 20165 Oct 2016
Conference number: 1

Conference

Conference1st International Symposium on Multi-Scale Experimental Mechanics
Number1
LocationDTU Risø Campus
CountryDenmark
CityRoskilde
Period05/10/201605/10/2016

Bibliographical note

1st International Symposium on Multi-Scale Experimental Mechanics. http://www.conferencemanager.dk/ISMEM1/home.html

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