Multivariate analysis was applied to simultaneously evaluate the influence of soil properties and experimental variables on electrodialytic removal of Cu and Pb from three shooting range soils. Both stationary and stirred set-ups in laboratory scale were tested, representing in-situ and ex-situ remediation conditions, respectively. Within the same experimental space, higher removal of the targeted metals, Cu and Pb, were observed in the stirred set-up (9-81%) compared to the stationary set-up (0-41%). Multivariate analysis (projections onto latent structures) revealed that the influence of soil type on the remediation efficiency was dependent on the metal and varied in the stationary and stirred set-ups. Optimising the removal of Cu by adjusting the experimental settings was easier to achieve in the stirred set-up and could be done by increasing the current density. Optimising the removal of Pb could be done by prolonging the treatment and in the stirred set-up also by increasing the current density.
- Electrokinetic remediation
- Heavy metals
- Polluted soil
- Projections onto latent structures
- Variable importance