Application of methanol with an ignition improver in a small marine CI engine

Chong Cheng*, Rasmus Faurskov Cordtz, Thomas Berg Thomsen, Niels Langballe Førby, Jesper Schramm

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Methanol, as one of the significant green fuel candidates for the combustion engines, can be produced from Power to X and biomass production. However, compression ignition (CI) of pure methanol in a combustion engine is impractical due to its low cetane rating. The strategy has gained little attention in the past, but is possible if the methanol is premixed with a fuel additive (ignition improver). In order to optimize and understand additivated methanol combustion, a phenomenological spray/packet combustion model is developed in this work. The model is used to calibrate an Arrhenius-type ignition delay equation for CI engine using additivated methanol, and the resulting calibrated ignition delay parameter is 2.14. The procedure involves to compare the modeled and experimental combustion rate profiles that are derived from a small marine CI engine by burning methanol with 3.5 % and up to 7.5 % kg/kg fuel additive. The present work finds that the phenomenological diesel combustion model methodology can be used with good accuracy, to simulate combustion rate profiles of additivated methanol in a CI engine. The model is, furthermore, able to indicate intermediate variables such as burning packet speeds, air mass, droplet mass, air/fuel equivalence ratio, and burning packet temperature for different packets of combustion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116311
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Heat release rate
  • Ignition delay
  • Methanol combustion
  • Multi-packet engine modeling
  • Sustainable fuels


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