Application of LCA modelling in integrated waste management

Thomas Højlund Christensen*, Anders Damgaard, J. Levis, Y. Zhao, A. Björklund, U. Arena, M. A. Barlaz, V. Starostina, Alessio Boldrin, Thomas Fruergaard Astrup, Valentina Bisinella

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Life cycle assessment (LCA) has been used in waste management for the last two decades and hundreds of journal papers have been published. The use of LCA in waste management has provided a much-improved holistic view of waste management including waste flows and potential environmental impacts. Although much knowledge has been obtained from LCA studies, there is still a need to use LCA models in integrated waste management. This paper describes six areas where LCA is expected to play a role in waste management in the future: 1) understanding an existing waste management system; 2) improving existing waste management systems; 3) comparing alternative technologies/ technology performance; 4) technology development/prospective technologies; 5) policy development/strategic development; and 6) reporting. Illustrative examples are provided for each application area.

Original languageEnglish
JournalWaste Management
Volume118
Pages (from-to)313-322
ISSN0956-053X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • LCA
  • Modelling
  • Waste management

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