Applicability and usage of dose mapping/accumulation in radiotherapy

Martina Murr*, Kristy K. Brock, Marco Fusella, Nicholas Hardcastle, Mohammad Hussein, Michael G. Jameson, Isak Wahlstedt, Johnson Yuen, Jamie R. McClelland, Eliana Vasquez Osorio

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewpeer-review

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Dose mapping/accumulation (DMA) is a topic in radiotherapy (RT) for years, but has not yet found its widespread way into clinical RT routine. During the ESTRO Physics workshop 2021 on “commissioning and quality assurance of deformable image registration (DIR) for current and future RT applications”, we built a working group on DMA from which we present the results of our discussions in this article. Our aim in this manuscript is to shed light on the current situation of DMA in RT and to highlight the issues that hinder consciously integrating it into clinical RT routine. 

As a first outcome of our discussions, we present a scheme where representative RT use cases are positioned, considering expected anatomical variations and the impact of dose mapping uncertainties on patient safety, which we have named the DMA landscape (DMAL). This tool is useful for future reference when DMA applications get closer to clinical day-to-day use. 

Secondly, we discussed current challenges, lightly touching on first-order effects (related to the impact of DIR uncertainties in dose mapping), and focusing in detail on second-order effects often dismissed in the current literature (as resampling and interpolation, quality assurance considerations, and radiobiological issues). 

Finally, we developed recommendations, and guidelines for vendors and users. Our main point include: Strive for context-driven DIR (by considering their impact on clinical decisions/judgements) rather than perfect DIR; be conscious of the limitations of the implemented DIR algorithm; and consider when dose mapping (with properly quantified uncertainties) is a better alternative than no mapping.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109527
JournalRadiotherapy and Oncology
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Anatomical changes
  • Deformable image registration (DIR)
  • DIR uncertainties
  • Dose mapping/accumulation
  • Dose mapping/accumulation landscape (DMAL)
  • Impact of dose mapping uncertainties


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