Antioxidant efficacy of caffeates in emulsions and the effect of tocopherols

Ann-Dorit Moltke Sørensen, M. Aleman, E. Durand, P. Villeneuve

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Abstract

Lipid oxidation is a major issue in foods containing LC PUFA. Lipid oxidation can be inhibited or reduced by the addition of antioxidants. Many food products are emulsions. According to the “polar paradox” hypothesis, polar compounds are more efficient as antioxidants in bulk oil, whereas lipophilic compounds are more efficient antioxidants in emulsions. Lately, extensive work has been performed on phenolipids and their antioxidant efficacy in emulsions. It was found that the “polar paradox” hypothesis was too simple to explain the observed efficacy of the phenolipids. The antioxidant efficacy increased with increasing length of the alkyl chain up to a certain length after which the efficacy decreased. Therefore, a new term, “cut-off effect”, was introduced to describe this behavior. Furthermore, the length of the alkyl chain for optimal antioxidant effect has been shown to be influenced by the type of emulsions.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidative effect of caffeic acid and its esters C1 – C20, caffeates, in two different emulsion systems. In the first system we used stripped fish-rapeseed oil (50:50) and for the second system we used non-stripped fish-rapeseed oil (50:50) and for both systems Tween80 was used as emulsifier. Hence, the first system was without tocopherol and the second system was with tocopherols from the oil. In addition, caffeates were evaluated as antioxidants in two fish oil enriched food products: milk and mayonnaise. Lipid oxidation was evaluated from three parameters measured over time: peroxide value (PV), secondary volatile oxidation products and tocopherol concentrations. The results demonstrate the efficacy of caffeates in simple emulsions and food emulsions. Furthermore, the two different simple emulsion systems reveal possible interactions between caffeates and tocopherols.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication246th ACS National Meeting & Exposition
Number of pages1
Volume246
Publication date2013
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event246th ACS National Meeting & Exposition - Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
Duration: 8 Sep 201312 Sep 2013
Conference number: 246

Conference

Conference246th ACS National Meeting & Exposition
Number246
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityIndianapolis, Indiana
Period08/09/201312/09/2013
SeriesABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY
ISSN0065-7727

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