Antimicrobial treatment reduces intestinal microflora and improves protein digestive capacity without changes in villous structure in weanling pigs

Thomas Thymann, Kristina U. Sørensen, Mette S. Hedemann, Jan Elnif, Bent B. Jensen, Henri Banga-Mboko, Thomas D. Leser, Per T. Sangild

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The immediate post-weaning period is often associated with gut malfunction and diarrhoea for young pigs. Administration of antimicrobials remains an effective way to control weaning diarrhoea but it remains unclear how they affect gut physiology and microbiology although this is a prerequisite for being able to devise better alternatives. Hence, for 7 d we treated pigs, weaned at 24 d of age, with a combination of amoxicillin (25 mg/kg feed and injection of 8.75 mg/kg body weight per 12 h) and ZnO (2.5 g/kg feed). The pigs treated with antimicrobials (n 11) showed no signs of gut malfunction at any time, whereas untreated weaned controls (n 11) developed clinical diarrhoea. The antimicrobial treatment resulted in a higher daily weight gain compared with weaned controls (101 v. - 44 g/d, P <0.0001), whereas both groups had a similar degree of villous atrophy compared with unweaned 24-d-old controls In 8; P <0.05). The antimicrobial treatment gave a dramatic reduction in small intestinal microbial diversity, and specifically prevented tissue colonization with Escherichia coli compared with weaned controls. Further, the antimicrobial treatment improved amylase, trypsin and small intestinal aminopeptidase A and N activities (all P <0.05). Specifically for the colon, the antimicrobial treatment was associated with reduced tissue weight (- 23 %, P <0.05), reduced concentration of SCFA (P <0.05), and increased mucosal goblet cell area (P <0.0001) compared with weaned controls. We conclude that the beneficial effects of antimicrobials are mediated not only through reduction in intestinal bacteria] load, but also through a stimulation of protein digestive function and goblet cell density.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
    Volume97
    Issue number6
    Pages (from-to)1128-1137
    ISSN0007-1145
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2007

    Keywords

    • antibiotics
    • zinc oxide
    • antimicrobials
    • microflora
    • enzymes

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