We have investigated the antiferromagnetic (AF) phase transition and spin correlations in NiO by high-temperature neutron diffraction below and above TN. We show that AF phase transition is a continuous second-order transition within our experimental resolution. The spin correlations manifested by the strong diffuse magnetic scattering persist well above TN530 K and could still be observed at T=800 K which is about 1.5TN. We argue that the strong spin correlations above TN are due to the topological frustration of the spins on a fcc lattice. The Néel temperature is substantially reduced by this process. We determined the critical exponents =0.328±0.002 and =0.64±0.03 and the Néel temperature TN=530±1 K. These critical exponents suggest that NiO should be regarded as a 3dXY system
|Journal||Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2009|
Bibliographical noteCopyright (2009) by the American Physical Society.
- Materials research
- Superconducting materials for the energy sector