Anharmonic stabilization and band gap renormalization in the perovskite CsSnI3

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Abstract

Amongst the X(Sn,Pb)Y3 perovskites currently under scrutiny for their photovoltaic applications, the cubic B−α phase of CsSnI3 is arguably the best characterized experimentally. Yet, according to the standard harmonic theory of phonons, this deceptively simple phase should not exist at all due to rotational instabilities of the SnI6 octahedra. Here, employing self-consistent phonon theory, we show that these soft modes are stabilized at experimental conditions through anharmonic phonon-phonon interactions between the Cs ions and their iodine cages. We further calculate the renormalization of the electronic energies due to vibrations and find an unusual opening of the band gap, estimated as 0.24 and 0.11 eV at 500 and 300 K, which we attribute to the stretching of Sn-I bonds. Our work demonstrates the important role of temperature in accurately describing these materials.
Original languageEnglish
Article number201205
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume92
Issue number20
Number of pages5
ISSN0163-1829
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Bibliographical note

©2015 American Physical Society

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