Angicin, a novel bacteriocin of Streptococcus anginosus

Verena Vogel, Richard Bauer, Stefanie Mauerer, Nicole Schiffelholz, Christian Haupt, Gerd M. Seibold, Marcus Fändrich, Paul Walther, Barbara Spellerberg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

As a conserved defense mechanism, many bacteria produce antimicrobial peptides, called bacteriocins, which provide a colonization advantage in a multispecies environment. Here the first bacteriocin of Streptococcus anginosus, designated Angicin, is described. S. anginosus is commonly described as a commensal, however it also possesses a high pathogenic potential. Therefore, understanding factors contributing to its host colonization and persistence are important. A radial diffusion assay was used to identify S. anginosus BSU 1211 as a potent bacteriocin producer. By genetic mutagenesis the background of bacteriocin production and the bacteriocin gene itself were identified. Synthetic Angicin shows high activity against closely related streptococci, listeria and vancomycin resistant enterococci. It has a fast mechanism of action and causes a membrane disruption in target cells. Angicin, present in cell free supernatant, is insensitive to changes in temperature from - 70 to 90 °C and pH values from 2 to 10, suggesting that it represents an interesting compound for potential applications in food preservation or clinical settings.
Original languageEnglish
Article number24377
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Number of pages16
ISSN2045-2322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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