Analyzing x-ray emissions from meter-scale negative discharges in ambient air

Pavlo Kochkin, Christoph Köhn, Ute Ebert, Lex van Deursen

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Abstract

When voltage pulses of 1 MV drive meter long air discharges, short and intense bursts of x-rays are measured. Here we develop a model for electron acceleration and subsequent photon generation within this discharge to understand these bursts. We start from the observation that the encounter of two streamers of opposite polarity launches the electrons, that they are further accelerated in the discharge field and then lose their energy, e.g., by photon emission through Bremsstrahlung. We model electron and photon dynamics in space and energy with a Monte Carlo model. Also the detector response to incoming photons is modelled in detail. The model justifies the approximation that the x-ray bursts are isotropic in space; this assumption is used to conclude that x-ray bursts near the high-voltage electrode with 6x 104 photons and characteristic energies of 160 keV closely reproduce the measured spectra and attenuation curves. The nanosecond duration of the bursts as well as their energy spectrum is consistent with model calculations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number044002
JournalPlasma Sources Science and Technology
Volume25
Issue number4
Number of pages16
ISSN0963-0252
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Discharge
  • Streamer
  • Run-away electron
  • X-ray
  • High-voltage

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