Analysis of VAWT aerodynamics and design using the Actuator Cylinder flow model

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The actuator cylinder flow model is defined as the ideal VAWT rotor. Radial directed volume forces are applied on the circular path of the VAWT rotor airfoil and constitute an energy conversion in the flow. The power coefficient for the ideal as well as the real energy conversion is defined. The describing equations for the two-dimensional AC model are presented and a solution method splitting the final solution in a linear and non-linear part is briefly described. A family of loadforms approaching the uniform loading is used to study the ideal energy conversion indicating that the maximum power coefficient for the ideal energy conversion of a VAWT could exceed the Betz limit. The real energy conversion of the 5MW DeepWind rotor is simulated with the AC flow model in combination with the blade element analysis. Aerodynamic design aspects are discussed on this basis revealing that the maximum obtainable power coefficient for a fixed pitch VAWT is constrained by the fundamental cyclic variation of inflow angle and relative velocity leading to a loading that deviates considerably from the uniform loading.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of Torque 2012, The science of making torque from wind
Number of pages10
Publication date2012
Publication statusPublished - 2012
EventThe science of Making Torque from Wind 2012: 4th scientific conference - Universität Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany
Duration: 9 Oct 201211 Oct 2012


ConferenceThe science of Making Torque from Wind 2012
LocationUniversität Oldenburg
Internet address

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