Analysis of the Purity of Cetrimide by Titrations

Jens Enevold Thaulov Andersen, Claus/Dallerup Rasmussen, Hans/Boye Nielsen

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The purity of cetrimide, trimethyl tetradecyl ammonium bromide (TTAB), that is an important preservative of many cosmetic and pharmaceutical products, was determined by three independent methods of titration. Traditionally, cetrimide was analysed by an assay method of the European Pharmacopoeia (Ph. Eur.), which showed consistently a low purity of cetrimide with large standard deviations associated, however. A systematic 3% bias of the Ph. Eur. assay method was identified by comparing the result with results of two alternative methods of titration that exhibited high precision and high accuracy. Titration by perchloric acid showed a 99.69 ± 0.05 % purity of cetrimide and titration by silver nitrate showed a 99.85% ± 0.05 % purity while the traditional assay method predicted a purity of only 97.1 ± 0.4. It was found that the discrepancy could be identified as differences in selectivity during the extraction step of the Ph. Eur.-assay method. The distribution coefficients between chloroform and water of cetrimide and the corresponding iodide species (TTAI) were thus determined as 2150 ± 50 M-1 and 68000 ± 4000 M-1, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)104-110
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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