Analysis of the GRAV-D airborne gravity data for geoid modelling

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedings – Annual report year: 2019Researchpeer-review


  • Author: Huang, J.

    Natural Resources Canada, Canada

  • Author: Holmes, S. A.

    Stinger Ghaffarian Technologies, United States

  • Author: Zhong, Dong-Liang

    Natural Resources Canada, Canada

  • Author: Véronneau, M.

    Natural Resources Canada, Canada

  • Author: Wang, Y.

    Natural Resources Canada, Canada

  • Author: Crowley, William F., Jr.

    Natural Resources Canada, Canada

  • Author: Li, X.

    Stinger Ghaffarian Technologies, United States

  • Author: Forsberg, R.

    Geodynamics, National Space Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Elektrovej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

View graph of relations

In this study, airborne gravity data from the Gravity for the Redefinition of the American Vertical Datum (GRAV-D) project are compared with terrestrial gravity data in three survey blocks that cross the Canada-US border. One block (AN04) overlaps an area containing Alaska (USA) and the Yukon Territory (Canada) over a rough terrain while the other two blocks (EN05 and EN08) are within the Great Lakes-St-Lawrence River region with flat and moderate terrains. GRAV-D has an average flight altitude of about 6 km in the three blocks, in which each survey/cross line spans 240–700 km. The high flight altitude of GRAV-D puts forth a challenge for the comparisons. We have developed procedures to interpolate and continue the airborne and terrestrial gravity data to a mean flight height for each block. The remove-compute-restore Poisson method is used in the upward continuation of the terrestrial gravity data by removing and restoring the satellite-only geopotential model GOCO05S. The comparison between the datasets is done using Helmert gravity disturbances in order to satisfy the harmonic condition of the upward continuation. The comparisons show that differences between GRAV-D and terrestrial gravity data are 3.6 mGal for AN04, 1.8 mGal for EN05 and 2.3 mGal for EN08 in terms of Root Mean Square (RMS) at the mean flight height. The results can be improved for two blocks when applying a cross-over adjustment. The differences become 1.0 and 1.4 for EN05 and EN08, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Symposium on Gravity, Geoid and Height Systems 2016 : Proceedings Organized by IAG Commission 2 and the International Gravity Field Service, Thessaloniki, Greece, September 19-23, 2016
EditorsGeorgios S. Vergos, Roland Pail, Riccardo Barzaghi
Publication date2019
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-95317-5
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-95318-2
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventInternational Symposium on Gravity, Geoid and Height Systems 2016 (GGHS2016) - Thessaloniki, Greece
Duration: 19 Sep 201623 Sep 2016


ConferenceInternational Symposium on Gravity, Geoid and Height Systems 2016 (GGHS2016)
SeriesInternational Association of Geodesy Symposia
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

    Research areas

  • Direct topographical effect, GRAV-D airborne gravity, Helmert gravity disturbance, Upward continuation
Download as:
Download as PDF
Select render style:
Download as HTML
Select render style:
Download as Word
Select render style:

ID: 164797738