Analysis of the effect of ultrasonic vibrations on the performance of micro-electrical discharge machining of A2 tool steel

Govindan Puthumana

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The application of ultrasonic vibrations to a workpiece or tool is a novel hybrid approach in micro-electrical discharge machining. The advantages of this method include effective flushing out of debris, higher machining efficiency and lesser short-circuits during machining. This paper presents a systematic analysis of the influence of kinetic effects of the ultrasonic vibrations on the material removal rate (MRR) and tool electrode wear rate (TWR). The tool wear ratio was estimated for the process at all processing conditions. The maximum variation in tool wear ratio is observed to be 82%. Therefore, MRR and TWR were independently analyzed by using three scientific tools: i) AOM plots, ii) interaction plots and iii) three-dimensional scatter plots. The increase in MRR is 47% corresponding to an increase in the maximum power of vibrations by 30%. The ultrasonic vibrations are found to be very effective at higher machining depths for achieving stable machining conditions. Regression equations were developed for MRR and TWR with capacitance, ultrasonic vibration factor, feed rate and machining time.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering
Issue number3
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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