Analysis of the barriers to multimodal freight transport and their mitigation strategies

Ahmed Karam*, Anders Julius Klejs Jensen, Mohamed Hussein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

28 Downloads (Pure)


Multimodal Freight Transport (MFT) has been introduced as a solution for reducing the external costs of freight transport while achieving cost improvements. Despite the MFT benefits, its share has been low in practice, and transport by trucks remains the most preferred transport mode. A few works have recently investigated this issue by discussing various barriers to MFT. However, little conceptual work comprehensively examines the barriers that organizations may face during MFT applications. To address this gap, this paper has reviewed 104 studies and identified 31 barriers and possible strategies for overcoming them. To clarify the nature of these barriers, we developed a conceptual barrier framework that positions the identified barriers within the overall MFT chain. This framework categorizes the barriers into six categories: MFT terminal, MFT network, management, regulations and subsidies, delivery characteristics, and interoperability. The findings provide decision-makers and practitioners with theoretical and practical insights into the barriers to transition toward MFT and will assist them in implementing MFT successfully.

Original languageEnglish
Article number43
JournalEuropean Transport Research Review
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Barriers
  • Freight
  • Modal shift
  • Multimodal
  • Solution strategies
  • Transport


Dive into the research topics of 'Analysis of the barriers to multimodal freight transport and their mitigation strategies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this