Analysis of optical properties of strained semiconductor quantum dots for electromagnetically induced transparency

D. Barettin, Jakob Houmark-Nielsen, B. Lassen, Morten Willatzen, Torben Roland Nielsen, Jesper Mørk, Antti-Pekka Jauho

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Abstract

Using multiband k*p theory we study the size and geometry dependence on the slow light properties of conical semiconductor quantum dots. We find the V-type scheme for electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) to be most favorable, and identify an optimal height and size for efficient EIT operation. In case of the ladder scheme, the existence of additional dipole allowed intraband transitions along with an almost equidistant energy level spacing adds additional decay pathways, which significantly impairs the EIT effect. We further study the influence of strain and band mixing comparing four different k*p band structure models. In addition to the separation of the heavy and light holes due to the biaxial strain component, we observe a general reduction in the transition strengths due to energy crossings in the valence bands caused by strain and band mixing effects. We furthermore find a non-trivial quantum dot size dependence of the dipole moments directly related to the biaxial strain component. Due to the separation of the heavy and light holes the optical transition strengths between the lower conduction and upper most valence-band states computed using one-band model and eight-band model show general qualitative agreement, with exceptions relevant for EIT operation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalArXiv Astrophysics e-prints
Issue numberarXiv:1002.2102
Number of pages22
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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