Analysis of generator bearing vibration data for diagnosing rotor circuit malfunction in DFIGs

Georgios Alexandros Skrimpas, Christian W. Sweeney, Bogi Bech Jensen, Nenad Mijatovic, Joachim Holbøll

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Doubly fed induction generators (DFIGs) are the most popular configuration met in the wind energy sector occu- pying approximately 65 % of the total market share. Condition monitoring of wind turbine generators is performed based on vibration data collected from accelerometers mounted on the drive end and non-drive end bearings, meeting the requirements of numerous turbine operators for condition based maintenance. In a DFIG the voltage applied to the rotor is controlled by a converter, where electric connection between the two is accom- plished by using slip rings. Improper connection between the slip ring unit and the rotor circuit is manifested as excessive vibration seen in both ends of the generator. The consistent and accurate diagnosis of a rotor circuit malfunction is of crucial importance in regards to proper troubleshooting of the fault and the overall health of the generator. In this paper generator bearing vibration signature for a DFIG under operation with one rotor phase coil open is analysed and presented. Further this failure mode is compared to rotor dynamics fault, such as rotational looseness, and the difference in signature is discussed. Vibration data from a multi-mega watt DFIG wind turbine subjected to the above described failure mode is illustrated as scalar values and frequency spectra. It is shown that detailed analyses have resulted in a successful identification of disconnected rotor phase by detecting sidebands around the generator running speed harmonics matching the pole pass frequency.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 21st International Conference on Electrical Machines
PublisherIEEE
Publication date2014
Pages1740-1745
ISBN (Print)9781479943890
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventXXIst International Conference on Electrical Machines - Berlin, Germany
Duration: 2 Sep 20145 Sep 2014
Conference number: 21

Conference

ConferenceXXIst International Conference on Electrical Machines
Number21
CountryGermany
CityBerlin
Period02/09/201405/09/2014

Keywords

  • Condition monitoring
  • Vibration analysis
  • Doubly fed induction generator
  • Slip ring unit
  • Pole pass frequency

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