Analysis, Design, Modeling, and Control of an Interleaved-Boost Full-Bridge Three-Port Converter for Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems

Maria del Carmen Mira Albert, Zhe Zhang, Arnold Knott, Michael A. E. Andersen

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    This paper presents the design, modeling, and control of an isolated dc-dc three-port converter (TPC) based on an interleaved-boost full-bridge converter with pulsewidth modulation (PWM) and phase-shift control for hybrid renewable energy systems. In the proposed topology, the switches are driven by phase-shifted PWM signals, where both phase angle and duty cycle are the controlled variables. The power flow between the two inputs is controlled through the duty cycle, whereas the output voltage can be regulated effectively through the phase shift. The primary-side MOSFETs can achieve zero-voltage-switching (ZVS) operation without additional circuitry. Additionally, due to the ac output inductor, the secondary-side diodes can operate under zero-current-switching (ZCS) conditions. In this study, the operation principles of the converter are analyzed and the critical design considerations are discussed. The dynamic behavior of the proposed ac-inductor-based TPC is investigated by performing state-space modeling. Moreover, the derived mathematical models are validated by simulation and measurements. In order to verify the validity of the theoretical analysis, design, and power decoupling control scheme, a prototype is constructed and tested under the various modes, depending on the availability of the renewable energy source and the load consumption. The experimental results show that the two decoupled control variables achieve effective regulation of the power flow among the three ports.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalI E E E Transactions on Power Electronics
    Issue number2
    Pages (from-to)1138 - 1155
    Publication statusPublished - 2017

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    • Inductors
    • Topology
    • Renewable energy sources
    • Load flow
    • Switches
    • Mathematical model
    • Zero voltage switching
    • three-port converter
    • Energy storage
    • phase-shift and duty cycle control
    • renewable energy
    • state-space modeling


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